Business Interruption Insurance

What is business interruption insurance, and how does it work? Give this article a thorough read to find out.

Running an organization can be troublesome without the right business insurance. One coverage most business proprietors need is business interruption insurance, otherwise called business income insurance, and contingent business interruption coverage. It can assist with supplanting the income you lose on the off chance that you cannot open it temporarily after a covered misfortune, similar to property harm. For instance, if a tree falls on your office rooftop, and you need to close down for repairs, this policy can assist with taking care of the expenses of your lost income while they restore it. Your business interruption insurance may likewise cover a civil authority, similar to a federally mandated street closure, that briefly closes down your organization. Let us head straight into the article to find out more about business interruption insurance.

What Is Business Interruption Insurance?

Business interruption insurance is insurance coverage that replaces business income lost in a calamity. The occasion could be, for instance, a fire or a natural disaster. Business interruption insurance is not sold as a separate policy, however, it is either added to a property/casualty policy or included in a comprehensive bundle policy as an extra or rider.

It is different from property insurance in that a property insurance policy just covers the physical harm to the business, while the extra coverage assigned by the business interruption policy covers the profits that would have been acquired. This additional policy arrangement is appropriate to all kinds of businesses, as it is intended to place a business in the same financial position it would have been in if no loss had happened.

This sort of coverage can be added onto the business’ property insurance policy or comprehensive bundle policy like a business owner’s policy (BOP) or as a feature of an independent policy in certain jurisdictions. Since business interruption is incorporated as a part of the business’s primary policy, it only pays out if the reason for the loss is covered by the all-encompassing policy or a defined occasion on account of the independent policy.

How Does Interruption Insurance Work?

Business interruption insurance premiums (or if nothing else, at least the additional expense of the rider) are tax-deductible as normal business costs. This kind of policy pays out only if the reason for the business income loss is coerced in the underlying property/casualty policy. The sum payable is normally founded on the previous financial records of the business.

Business interruption insurance coverage goes on until the end of the business interruption period, as dictated by the insurance policy. As indicated by the Insurance Information Institute, the standard policy is 30 days, however, utilizing an endorsement can extend it to 360 days. Most business interruption insurance strategies define this period as the date that the covered peril started until the date that the harmed property is physically repaired and returned to the same condition it was in before the disaster hit. There may likewise be a waiting period of 48 to 72 hours.

What Is Covered By Business Interruption Insurance?

Business interruption coverage is very closely related to your commercial property insurance. This implies that the perils covered by your property insurance policy are the same ones that will also be covered by your business interruption policy. Your business interruption policy will respond to expenses pertaining to:

Loss of Revenue

Any lost revenue during the temporary closure will be repaid to your business by the business interruption insurance. Usually, the organizations will be reimbursed by the policy for up to a year. This is an essential aspect of the coverage, as it permits companies to stay afloat during temporary losses and setbacks that in any other situation could have forced them to permanently shut their business.

Staff Wages

Although they are forced to close down temporarily, a lot of companies will want to maintain their workforce during tough times. Business interruption insurance will respond and cover your payroll while your business is not generating any profit. You will usually be covered for up to a year.

Rent Or Lease Payments

You cannot ignore your landlord and not pay them only because your business is temporarily shut down. Your lease and rent are also covered by business interruption insurance while you are working on reopening. If you have bought the property and have mortgage payments, those will also be covered.


In case you had business loans taken out before the closure of your company, your bank will still expect you to pay them – even if you are not making any money. This is where business interruption insurance can kick in and make sure you do not miss any payments.


Even if your business is temporarily not generating profit, you will still have to meet your tax obligations. Business interruption insurance will ensure that you have the required funds to pay the taxes you owe. Moreover, as is the case with other business insurance policies, a business interruption policy is also tax-deductible.

Extra Expenses

Keep in mind that you can buy extra expenses coverage to add to your business interruption policy in order to cover the costs necessary to temporarily move your business to a new location. This covers rent for the new space, renting equipment, hiring new employees if needed, and giving them training as well.


If your staff requires training in order to learn how to handle new equipment after a covered loss, business interruption insurance will also cover these training costs.


Based on the previous months’ performance, a policy will give repayment for profits that would have been earned had the event not occurred.

Civil authority ingress/egress

A business interruption event may result in a federally mandated closure of business premises that directly cause financial loss. For example, forced closures due to government-issued curfews or street closures associated with a covered event.

Fixed costs

These can include operating expenses and other incurred costs of doing business.

The Cost To Relocate

If you are forced to relocate your business because of property damage, business interruption insurance will respond and assist you with covering the moving costs. Some policies cover the expenses involved with moving to and working from a temporary business location.

What Is Not Covered By Business Interruption Insurance?

Business interruption insurance is intended to just provide your organization with the way to recover from the monetary ramifications of a brief closure brought about by property harm. Losses covered by other policies and arrangements will not fall under the business interruption coverage. Your property insurance policy will cover the actual material harm to your business property – the interruption coverage will just compensate for the monetary losses identified with the closure. Likewise, claims of damages and wounds to third parties that happen because of a covered peril will be tended to by your general liability policy.

Note that business interruptions that are not brought about by property harm, but are an aftereffect of different elements, will not be covered. Furthermore, the interruption to your tasks should be huge for the policy to react to it. Being forced to close down for a couple of hours because of a small, localized fire will also most likely not be covered. Each business interruption policy contains a fairly different language, which is the reason why it is necessary to thoroughly go over the contract with an expert broker, so you know precisely what is covered and what is not covered by your policy.

Usually, business interruption insurance does not cover the following:

Losses from damages that are not covered by your commercial property policy

Each property policy has its own exclusions, for example, damage caused by an earthquake. On the off chance that your property policy does not cover a specific peril, your business interruption policy will not cover it either. If you conclude that you would prefer not to proceed with your business after serious damage, and you want to voluntarily close it down, you will not be able to gather benefits under your interruption policy. The policy only becomes active when you decide that you want to fix and reopen your business. Broken items resulting because of a covered event or loss (like glass) are also not covered.

Business income that’s not documented

Only documented income will be repaid. The main thing your business needs to do is to have evidence to demonstrate that your business is enduring financial harm since it has shut down. This evidence is generally related to things like receipts, invoices, tax records, bills, and other types of documents that can prove how much cash you are losing by being closed and what costs should be covered during this time. Make sure that you consult your insurer in case of a claim to precisely find out what they might want to see as confirmation of income and costs.

Short and partial interruptions

You should lose total access to your property if you want your business interruption coverage to kick in. On the off chance that your clients can still access a portion of your property, regardless of whether their entrance is restricted, your policy will not be initiated. Along these lines, partial interruptions are not covered. Short interruptions that are not covered usually incorporate closures brought about by utility issues, for example, downed electrical cables. Power outages are extremely common events and often, electric organizations can undoubtedly restore power to any business quite rapidly. Most policies will not give coverage if your business is not forced to shut down for at least 72 hours.

Utility expenses

If your business is still using its utilities, for example, electricity, gas, and water, it is not completely shut down. Most businesses that suffer enough damage to close down their operations for some time will also shut off their utilities.

Who Needs Business Interruption Insurance?

All businesses ought to invest in business interruption insurance. However, some need it more than others. This coverage is significant for any organization that depends on its physical locations and resources (equipment, apparatus, or buildings) to lead its tasks. This incorporates businesses like restaurants, brick-and-mortar retail stores, or cosmetic salons that need their physical locations to create income. Also, businesses situated in areas that have been historically vulnerable to extreme climate patterns or natural disasters should look to protect their peace of mind with the right business interruption insurance, paying little mind to industry

Why Do You Need It?

The expected expenses of closing down your activities for an extended timeframe could be faltering. Paying employees who cannot work, lost benefits, damaged reputation, and the cost to move or open temporary locations may seriously jeopardize even the most financially stable businesses. Without comprehensive coverage set up, numerous businesses that depend on their physical property and resources would be compelled to permanently close their gates in cases of floods, fires, or other covered perils.

How To File A Business Interruption Claim?

  • Get in touch with your insurance agent or broker as soon as possible. If your business needs to close down temporarily because of a theft or robbery, ensure that you immediately tell the police about this as well.
  • Check your insurance policy to see what you need to do. Your policy highlights the responsibilities your business has towards your insurer after a loss has taken place.
  • If your property is damaged and instant repairs are required, take the necessary steps to secure the property. Make temporary repairs and changes that will help prevent further damage. If you take away damaged parts or areas from the property, keep them so that the claims’ adjuster can see them if needed.
  • Get bids from various organizations when trying to see who you want to hire to repair or replace your business property. Talk to at least two or three different companies before you settle upon a decision.
  • Make sure that you have proof of income when filing your business interruption claim. You should have a detailed list of income generated before and after the loss, along with costs that will continue while the business is closed, such as wages, rent, advertising, and more.

How Do I Know If I Have Business Interruption Insurance?

Business Interruption Insurance is an optional coverage that might be bought as a component of a comprehensive multi-peril commercial policy. This coverage usually records or portrays the sorts of perils or reasons for the loss it covers. Perils or reasons for loss that are not recorded on, or not described in the policy, are normally not covered. Business interruption insurance is usually only triggered when you have direct physical property loss that prompts the business interruption – for instance, a fire or flood harming the property that has made you suspend your business activities. In the event that you need to know whether you have business interruption coverage and whether it covers these circumstances, you should get in touch with your agent, broker, or insurance organization.

What Does Business Interruption Insurance Cost?

The expense of your business interruption policy will be naturally attached to the value of your commercial property, since the policy is so closely attached to your property insurance and the perils that it covers. While each business is unique, business interruption insurance will ordinarily cost somewhere in the range of $50 and $150 each month on average for coverage for small businesses that are not high-income organizations or working in a high-risk industry. Like with any insurance item, a few external and internal variables impact business interruption insurance cost and will considerably influence your premium:

Property value

The value of the commercial property that the business owns or rents will have an impact on the premiums. The premium will be higher if the value of the property is higher. However, if a business with valuable property is forced to close down, it will also get a larger payout.


Specific industries have a greater risk of property damage, and businesses in them would be required to pay more. For instance, a restaurant will typically have to pay more for business interruption than a tech startup.


Since businesses are compensated for the profit they lose during a temporary closure, organizations with higher revenue will usually have to pay higher premiums.


Companies that are located in areas that have historically unpredictable weather or are vulnerable to perils will have to pay more for coverage.


Since business interruption insurance will usually cover payroll for up to a year, a business that pays out more in salary will also have to pay more for coverage.

Business Interruption Insurance Calculation

  1. Calculate and set the length of the indemnity period required for your business. It might sound bad, but you will need to think of the worst-case scenario. This will help you create a precise image of the length of time you need for your business to return to normality. When calculating the time needed, you will want to consider various factors, for instance, building regulations and necessary permits.
  2. Add an estimate of the time required to retrain the necessary staff and the lead time in obtaining new equipment. Financial experts normally suggest a minimum indemnity period of two years.
  3. Calculate the expected gross revenues of the business over the indemnity period. Project the past one to two years of your fees or sales forward, based on the business, over the indemnity period. Adjust your calculations contingent upon whether your business is expected to grow or decline. Moreover, keep the inflation rates in mind as well.
  4. Calculate the expected gross profits of the business over the indemnity period. This will be equal to the expected gross revenues minus the expected changes in inventory values, business material use, and freight expenses.
  5. Calculate the expenses of relocation and operating your business from other temporary areas during the indemnity period. This may be applicable to local tradespeople such as plumbers, carpenters, hairdressers, electricians, or small office-based businesses like real estate agents or business intermediaries. Make sure that you include payroll, employee benefits, rentals, equipment hire, worker’s compensation and other employee allowances for staff at the temporary locations.
  6. Calculate the expected saved expenses of your business during the indemnity period. These are the costs which will not be incurred because of the property loss. They incorporate maintenance costs, building services and utility bills.
  7. Check the lease contract with your business landlord to find out whether you are liable for rental of the building even if it is destroyed during a loss-making event. If this is the case, estimate the rentals over the indemnity period.
  8. Calculate the expected payroll for employees who will not be working during the indemnity period. This includes the sum of wage costs, workers compensation insurance, and employee benefits. Add this figure to the saved expenses.
  9. Add the figures for gross profits and, if applicable, moving costs and continuing rentals. Deduct the expected saved expenses from this figure. This is the sum needed for business interruption coverage, which you should buy from your selected insurance provider.

Difference Between Business Interruption And Extra Expenses Coverage

Extra expenses coverage is frequently mistaken for business interruption insurance, since it is usually bought alongside business interruption insurance. In any case, the two policies cover various kinds of things. The name fundamentally gives a pretty good sign of what extra expenses insurance covers, dealing with some “extraordinary” expenses that would be related to a circumstance wherein business interruption insurance would be required. Choosing to move your business to another area and reopening while you wait for your regular location to be fixed is perhaps the most common example in which an extra expenses policy would help.

An extra expenses policy would take care of the costs of moving to a temporary site, including leasing new property and hardware, paying employees overtime to assist with understanding the move, and recruiting new workers to work at the temporary area. If you run a type of business that can be effectively relocated, extra expenses insurance can assist you with continuing to bring in cash at a temporary location while you are waiting for your permanent location to reopen.

Business Interruption Insurance And Pandemics

As anyone might expect, what business interruption insurance does and does not cover has gone under specific scrutiny during the COVID-19 pandemic and the business closures and curtailments that came about. The appropriate response, shockingly, is that generally policyholders will not be covered.

According to James Lynch, FCAS MAAA, chief actuary and senior vice president of research and education of the Insurance Information Institute:

“The standard business interruption policy only applies when the business sustains direct physical loss or damage, such as a fire. Business interruption can also apply when a nearby business sustains direct physical loss or damage, and a civil authority like the government closes all businesses as a result.”

Viruses do not actually break anything. In an interview with Jeff Dunsavage of the Insurance Information Institute, Michael Menapace, a partner at Wiggin and Dana, and professor of insurance law at Quinnipiac University School of Law, said:

“The virus (compared to a fire or broken windows from wind damage), leaves no visible imprint. Left alone, it can’t survive long and, after it has perished, whatever it was attached to is as good as before.”

Dunsavage also notes that all-risk business interruption insurance comes with its exclusions. Moreover, especially since the SARS outbreak of 2003, such exclusions have tended to include losses from viruses and communicable diseases.

Is Business Interruption Insurance Important?

Whether you need business interruption insurance or not, relies on various components. If you are certain that a fire burning your premises would scarcely influence your ability to trade – on the grounds that you could be working again in days from serviced workplaces, for instance – it may not be essential for you. Nonetheless, on the off chance that you carry a ton of stock, or require substantial premises to work, business interruption insurance could be the best way to remain in business sufficiently long until you are able to financially recover.

You likewise need to consider factors like client loyalty. In case you are certain that you could endure being shut for half a month, and then get back on track, that is great. The difficulty is that even the most loyal clients will find new providers when you cannot help them; and keeping in mind that you may be trading again in a few months, the important expense of lost clients and deals in the long run could be insurmountable.


Business interruption (BI) insurance is perhaps the most misconstrued – and hence, often disregarded – business insurance policies. That is generally because numerous business proprietors erroneously accept that different insurances, for example, stand-alone buildings and contents policies will deal with everything if their tasks are hindered by events, such as break-ins, floods, or fires. Nonetheless, while buildings and contents policies will typically put the underlying harm right ultimately, they make no allowance for the resulting monetary losses your business will sustain in what can frequently be a long-term interruption in your trading. In fact, for some businesses without BI cover, an event that begins with business interruption can often prompt a business termination.

Charles Bains

Charles Bains

Charles Bains started his insurance career as a marketing intern before pounding the pavement as a commercial lines agent in Orlando, FL. As an industry journalist, his articles have appeared in a variety of trade publications. His insurance television career, short-lived but glorious, once saw him serve as the expert adviser on an insurance-themed infomercial (yes, you read that correctly). Having recently worked for various organizations, coupled with his broader insurance knowledge, Charles is able to understand our client’s needs and guide them accordingly. He is a gem for Insurance Noon as his wide area of expertise and experience have been beneficial in conducting further researches to come up with solutions and writing them in a manner which is easy for everyone including beginners to comprehend.

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