Commercial Truck Insurance: A Brief Guide

In the vast expanse of the United States, approximately 3.49 million truck drivers traverse the roads, resonating with the heartbeat of commerce coursing through these colossal vehicles. We must prioritize optimal safeguarding with such a bustling fleet on our highways. Welcome to our comprehensive guide on commercial truck insurance, a vital resource unveiling the complexities of securing your trucking aims.

Imagine a harmony weaving liability, collision, and extensive coverage together, much like the safety net of personal auto insurance. Yet, the stage for advertisement truck insurance unfolds more significantly and is complex. Heavier vehicles’ weight and value demand higher coverage limits, while the cargo they transport adds an extra layer of responsibility. We started on a journey to present you with the best commercial vehicle insurance in the United States.

Our journey led us to 10 different carriers, where we dissected elements such as pricing, accessibility, consumer satisfaction, coverage variety, discounts, and financial stability. The results are in, and we’re excited to present the top picks from our exploration. Commercial truck insurance is a bastion at its core, sheltering trucking businesses, businesses relying on trucks, and independent drivers shipping their routes.

This guide serves as your compass, providing business owners and contractors with the knowledge to explore commercial truck insurance. From demystifying mechanics and costs to unraveling various coverage options and business essentials, we leave no stone unturned. Prepare for insights into acquiring insurance sites and a revelation of the premier insurance providers who can safeguard your trucking ambitions.

What is commercial truck insurance?

Have you ever pondered the barrier shielding commerce’s dynamic engines from unexpected mishaps? Introducing commercial truck insurance, an intricately designed collection of auto insurance policies customized to meet the distinct needs of trucking enterprises. Let’s explore the core of this protective shield and reveal how it bolsters your pulling ventures.

At its core, advertisement truck insurance functions as a guardian, enveloping your trucks in safety insulation in the event of an accident. It insulates houses in a collision and has comprehensive coverage, primed to soften the impact of damages stemming from an array of hazards.

However, the realm of commercial truck insurance extends beyond the fundamentals. Visualize specialized choices that elegantly navigate your fleet, addressing added risks and precision-focused liability concerns. There’s no need for respect for those journeys centering on invaluable cargo or racing against time with delicate materials. An economic expansion stands ready, safeguarding your investment as you cross the nation’s extent.

Image Source: FR8
Image Source: FR8

Unlike its commercial auto counterpart, which embraces a broader range of vehicles engaged in business activities, commercial trucking insurance takes center stage for the heavyweight contenders. Visualize those enormous semi-trucks dominating highways, often immersed in construction, goods transportation, or agriculture. This variety of insurance considers the vehicle’s size and type and the cargo’s nature.

The spectrum is extensive policies tailored for many commercial trucks, from reliable tow trucks to rugged cement mixers, versatile pickups, and unswerving tractors; we await your deliberation. As you board your journey in commercial truck insurance, let this guide be your companion, unveiling mysteries and illuminating the stakes.

From comprehending refined coverage and cargo protection to reading the difficulties of policy types, we stand ready to ensure your pulling aspirations are bastioned and your peace of mind remains unshaken.

How Does Commercial Truck Insurance Operate?

Commercial truck insurance operates within commercial auto insurance, tailored to truck drivers and businesses harnessing trucks. Truck owners acquire insurance to shield designated vehicles; vehicle owners predominantly secure it. It’s applicable when individuals listed on the policy use the car for business purposes. These individuals also impact policy costs as their driving record shapes monthly premiums. Purchasers typically fall into these categories:

  1. Motor carriers: For-hire trucking firms owning fleets, responsible for insuring their vehicles.
  2. Owner-operators: Self-employed trucking entrepreneurs owning and operating their trucks.
  3. Private carriers: Individuals employing personal vehicles for employer-related goods transport.

Commercial truck insurance caters to any of these entities, offering coverage for single box trucks or entire fleets of semi-trucks. When customizing a policy, owners collaborate with insurers to define the following:

  • Coverage: Encompassing damages, incidents, and expenses within the policy’s scope.
  • Monthly premium: Sustaining policy validity through recurring payments.
  • Deductible: Initial payment for claims before coverage activates.
  • Policy limit: Maximum insurer payout for filed claims.
Image Source: C&S Insurance
Image Source: C&S Insurance

Policyholders pay a monthly premium for specified coverage. Under policy guidelines, the insurer then shoulders expenses for damages, repairs, medical, or legal matters. Covered incidents arise when the vehicle and driver are listed on the policy during business operations. After incidents, such as collisions, policyholders promptly notify the insurer to initiate claims. If claims align with policy terms, policyholders bear expenses up to the deductible.

The insurer covers costs exceeding the deductible up to the policy limit. Post-accident expense management varies among insurers. Some possess pre-approved repair shop networks, requiring policyholders to use them for assessments and repairs. The insurer covers shop costs and bills the deductible portion. Other insurers might request estimates from multiple repair shops or send representatives to evaluate repair expenses.

Some insurers adopt a reimbursement model, requiring policyholders to pay upfront, followed by reimbursement for costs beyond the deductible. Optimal policy selection hinges on risk assessment, policy limit needs, and your business’s financial flow.

How Is Commercial Truck Insurance Different From Personal Auto Insurance?

As the name suggests, personal auto insurance protects private and privately owned vehicles. On the other hand, commercial truck insurance protects the trucks owned by a company and the potential damages these vehicles may cause. Additionally, the primary concern of insurance for commercial trucks is to ensure the continuity of business operations even if there are unforeseen events, such as accidents.

Furthermore, the law will still require you to get commercial insurance because of its size and weight, making it risky and challenging for everyone to operate, unlike small vehicles.

What Can A Commercial Truck Insurance Cover?

These are the following situations your general insurance may cover:

  • Body Injuries: This isn’t for drivers but for those who have been injured by the truck. In this case, the insurance will pay for all the victim’s medical bills and potential lawsuits that may follow. Furthermore, this insurance also covers those who might have been victims of slip and fall within your property.
  • Damaged Goods And Property: If your trucks cause damages to someone’s property, you may be liable to pay for the damages incurred with your insurance. It will help the victim restore or replace the damaged property. Additionally, it’ll cover all the cracks and costs brought by delivery errors, such as misplaced items or transporting goods to the wrong address.
  • Accidents At Delivery Address: If your driver causes damages to other properties, your insurance will cover all the damages, including repairs and replacements.
  • Libelous And False Advertising Claims: If you’re promoting your brand using your truck on the road, your insurance may help you if there are possible slander and false advertising events, which could turn into lawsuits.

What Are Things Not Included In Your Insurance Coverage?

You may want to learn some factors your general commercial truck insurance won’t cover, such as:

Image Source: The Bodden and Bennett Law Group
Image Source: The Bodden and Bennett Law Group
  • Non-Truck Vehicles: As the name implies, this insurance is only for a specific number of your trucks, and other non-truck vehicles will not be covered. However, other trucks, such as cement trucks, ice cream trucks, and buses, aren’t included in the coverage.
  • Driver Injuries: The insurance is made to protect other people injured by your truck, not the people around you, especially your driver. You may apply for or add worker’s compensation to your current coverage to protect your drivers.
  • Truck Damages: The insurance covers the damages to others but not yours. If you want to protect your trucks in case of accidents, you can apply for or add physical damage coverage. It may not be required by law, but there’s nothing wrong with taking extra measures.
  • Damages Due To Refrigeration Malfunction: If this happens, you would want to apply for insurance covering the replacements and product losses.
  • Loss Of Income: The insurance won’t cover the loss of potential income due to accidents. So, you may want to apply for specific insurance called business interruption coverage as an additional.
  • Intentional Harm Exclusions: Insurance companies will not cover incidents involving deliberate harm to individuals or property. Deliberately causing damage to deceive the insurer into covering the costs constitutes insurance fraud, which can result in financial and legal penalties.
  • Property Belonging to Others: Numerous commercial truck insurance policies do not extend coverage to damages affecting the property, personal belongings, or vehicles others own, even if the individual responsible for them is included in the policy. If your company frequently transports items or cars belonging to others, there are alternative coverage possibilities that you can consider.
  • Exceeding Policy Coverage Limits: Every insurance policy comes with a predefined maximum coverage limit, representing the extent to which the insurance company will cover claims. Any damages surpassing this limit will not be eligible for coverage. Business proprietors might consider adding an excess liability (or umbrella) policy to expand their coverage limits.
  • Exclusions for Specific Cargo Types: Commercial truck insurance policies do not cover particular cargo categories. These categories encompass valuables like currency and jewelry; alcohol, tobacco, and pharmaceuticals; illegal goods; live animals; items held by another carrier; and explosive substances. In specific instances, supplementary coverage options like Hazmat Insurance and Livestock Cargo Insurance are available for these kinds of cargo.

What Are The Different Types Of Commercial Truck Insurance?

Everything mentioned above, including insurance coverage, is under general liability insurance. It’s the most common insurance for commercial trucks, as the law requires. Additionally, there are other types you would want to know and apply for additional protection, such as:

Image Source: TopMark Funding
Image Source: TopMark Funding
  • Physical Damage Insurance: This will cover all the damages to your truck due to accidents or natural disasters. So, if you need to protect your vehicle, apply for this.
  • Motor Truck Cargo Insurance: This insurance will cover all damages to your products due to heavy traffic, accidents, or natural disasters.
  • Bobtail Insurance: This insurance will cover accidents involving only the truck (without trailers) or when it’s used in other non-work-related events.
  • Uninsured Motor Coverage: This insurance will cover expenses when the other party has no insurance coverage.
  • Reefer Breakdown Insurance: This insurance will protect and cover product losses due to refrigeration malfunction. However, some products, such as seafood and tobacco, are excluded from the coverage.

Types of Coverage in Commercial Truck Insurance

Commercial truck insurance is a complex arena tailored to the unique needs of truck drivers and businesses. This coverage landscape is structured using diverse coverage options within a single policy, catering to the comprehensive protection required by individuals and companies alike. Below, we delve into the options available:

Image Source: Canva
Image Source: Canva

Primary liability coverage

Primary liability policies frequently include a combined single limit (CSL), encompassing bodily injury and property damages. If a driver covered under this policy causes an accident, the insurance covers the injured party’s repair costs and medical expenses. However, this coverage does not extend to the driver and truck responsible for the accident. Hence, many motor carriers opt for additional medical payments and physical damage coverage.

Bodily damage coverage

Primary liability addresses injuries or damages to other parties, while bodily damage coverage foots the bill for damage to the policyholder’s vehicles in accidents. It encompasses collision coverage (damage from crashes) and comprehensive coverage (non-collision losses like theft or vandalism).

Uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage

Given that commercial trucks are often the most oversized vehicles on the road, accidents caused by other drivers might leave the at-fault driver without adequate coverage to address injuries and property damage. Uninsured/underinsured motorists’ coverage bridges this gap, covering costs in such scenarios.

Medical payments coverage

Private liability insurance only covers injuries caused by your truck’s fault. Medical payment coverage helps protect medical bills for you and your passengers who may have been injured in an accident.

Motor truck cargo coverage

guarantees freight protection during transportation, safeguarding against incidents like fires or collisions. Truckers are legally obligated to insure cargo in transit until it reaches its destination. This coverage is appropriate to for-hire teamsters driving semis, dump trucks, tractors, trailers, box trucks, cement mixers, cargo vans, dually pickups, flatbeds, and car haulers. Certain vehicle types, such as garbage trucks, passenger trucks, and ice cream trucks, are ineligible for coverage. Moreover, not all kinds of cargo qualify for insurance, including items like art, jewelry, pharmaceuticals, tobacco, alcohol, live animals, and explosives, requiring separate coverage.

General liability coverage

While primary liability coverage addresses injuries or damages while driving, motor truck available liability coverage takes a broader scope. It covers injuries or property damage caused by for-hire truckers or motor carriers that aren’t directly linked to driving. It includes:

  • Bodily injury and property damage liability: Protects against injuries and damage resulting from slip-and-fall accidents.
  • Personal injury and advertising injury liability: Covers non-physical damages caused by the motor carrier’s negligence.
  • Medical Payments coverage offers financial assistance by providing payments for medical expenses that arise from covered incidents.
  • Products / completed operations: Addresses bodily injury or property damage due to incorrect delivery of goods.
  • Damage to premises rented to you: Temporarily covers damage to leased premises for seven or fewer consecutive days.

This coverage is limited to a 500-mile radius and can only be purchased alongside primary liability coverage. It’s important to note that motor truck general liability isn’t available for individuals operating businesses besides for-hire trucking. Additionally, vehicles like garbage trucks, cement trucks, limos, hearses, buses, passenger vans, and ice cream trucks are ineligible.

Non-trucking liability (NTL) coverage

For owner-operators with a permanent lease to a motor carrier, non-trucking liability (NTL) coverage is a consideration. It provides coverage when the truck is used for non-business purposes, such as personal errands like grocery shopping. However, NTL does not cover activities classified as “business use,” such as cargo hauling, maintenance, or fueling. These activities fall under the motor carrier’s primary liability coverage.

Rental reimbursement with downtime coverage

Business owners who opt for rental reimbursement with downtime coverage ensure continuity even when their commercial truck is out of commission due to an accident. This coverage allows for using a rental truck or financial compensation during downtime. The chosen policy limit determines the daily reimbursement for truck damage. The insured can receive compensation for up to 30 days to cover the rental truck’s cost—some insurers, like Progressive, aid in locating suitable rental trucks as temporary replacements.

While rental reimbursement with downtime insurance is often offered as a combined coverage option, some insurers provide them separately. In such cases, rental reimbursement addresses the cost of a rental truck, while downtime coverage compensates for lost income during unavailability. Not all commercial trucks are eligible for rental reimbursement with downtime coverage.

The coverage applies to specific vehicle types, including dual pickups, flatbed trucks weighing over 16,000 pounds, refrigerated trucks weighing over 16,000 pounds, stake trucks weighing over 16,000 pounds, tank trucks carrying more than 1,400 gallons, dump trucks weighing over 16,000 pounds, front loaders weighing over 45,000 pounds, roll-on vehicles weighing over 45,000 pounds, straight trucks weighing over 16,000 pounds, tractors, and trailer interchange.

Trailer Interchange

Trailer interchange involves motor carriers transporting trailers from other companies as part of an agreement. This contract facilitates the transfer of trailers between truckers to complete shipments. The trucker in possession of the trailer is responsible for any incurred damages while it’s in their care.

As borrowed trailers aren’t covered under the motor carrier’s physical damage insurance, supplemental trailer interchange coverage is necessary to address incidents like collision, fire, theft, explosion, or vandalism. Eligibility applies to tractors/semi-trucks and pickups, and all motor carriers must hold primary liability coverage. It’s important to note that trailer interchange coverage is unavailable in Virginia.

Best commercial truck insurance providers of 2023: In-depth analysis

Image Source: Canva
Image Source: Canva

Progressive – Best Overall

Progressive stands out as the best retail truck insurance provider in 2023. With a wide range of coverage options and a user-friendly online platform, Progressive offers a comprehensive solution for individual truck owners and fleets. Their motor truck cargo coverage and rental reimbursement with downtime coverage are particularly noteworthy, providing robust protection for trucking businesses.


  • Comprehensive coverage options encompass a range of choices, including specialized coverage for cargo and downtime situations.
  • Experience a user-friendly online platform that simplifies policy management and streamlines the process of filing claims.
  • Competitive rates and flexible payment options.
  • The insurance company boasts an extensive network of repair shops, ensuring convenient and efficient repairs for policyholders.
  • The company boasts solid financial stability and holds a reputable position within the industry.


  • Some policyholders have reported occasional delays in claim processing.
  • Coverage availability and rates can vary by state.
  • Rates may be higher in certain regions, impacting affordability for some.

Sentry – Best for Single Trucks

Sentry is the best choice for single truck owners in 2023. Their tailored coverage options cater to individual trucking businesses, ensuring that even the most minor operations can access suitable protection. Sentry’s commitment to efficient claims processing and personalized assistance makes them a standout option for those with single trucks.


  • These are specialized coverage options that are designed specifically for individual truck owners.
  • The insurance provider offers an efficient claims process focusing on a quick resolution.
  • We have personalized customer service and support.
  • Discounts are available for safe driving behavior.
  • Strong reputation for customer satisfaction.


  • Coverage options might be less extensive for larger fleets.
  • Customer service quality can vary based on location and representative.

The Hartford – Best for Fleets

For fleets of varying sizes, Hartford emerges as the best provider in 2023. Their comprehensive coverage options cater to the needs of larger trucking businesses, offering specialized solutions for motor carriers. Hartford’s commitment to risk management and tailored policies make them an ideal choice for companies with fleets.


  • Specialized coverage options are designed for fleets of all sizes.
  • With extensive experience and a deep understanding of the commercial trucking industry, we bring unparalleled expertise.
  • Risk management services to help businesses mitigate potential risks.
  • Competitive rates for comprehensive coverage.
  • Personalized assistance from knowledgeable agents.


  • Premiums may be higher compared to other providers.
  • Some policyholders have reported challenges in communication with certain representatives.

CoverWallet – Best Value

CoverWallet is the best value provider in 2023, offering competitive rates and customizable coverage solutions. Their user-friendly platform allows businesses to compare quotes and tailor policies to their needs, making them a cost-effective choice for various trucking businesses.


  • Our competitive rates maintain coverage quality without any compromise.
  • The platform is user-friendly, allowing for easy comparison of quotes and customization of policies.
  • A wide range of coverage options is available to suit various needs.
  • The insurance provider offers transparent pricing and policy details to ensure clarity for customers.
  • Quick and efficient application process.


  • Not all specialized coverage options may be available through CoverWallet.
  • Some policyholders have reported occasional delays in response from customer support.

State Farm – Best Customer Service

State Farm is recognized for providing the best customer service among commercial truck insurance providers in 2023. Their exceptional dedication to personalized attention and support sets them apart, ensuring that policyholders receive the assistance they need, from inquiries to claims.


  • They provide outstanding customer service, personalized attention to each individual’s needs and concerns.
  • Dedicated agents are available to address inquiries and provide comprehensive support.
  • Reputation for reliability and responsiveness.
  • The company has an established reputation and a long history of customer satisfaction.


  • Coverage options may not be as specialized for commercial trucking as some dedicated providers.
  • Premiums can be higher compared to other insurers.

The best retail truck insurance provider for you will depend on your specific needs, whether you have a single truck or a fleet, and the type of coverage required. Each provider offers unique advantages, so it’s essential to carefully evaluate their offerings, consider the pros and cons, and compare quotes to find the most suitable coverage solution for your trucking business.

What Is The Cost Of Commercial Truck Insurance?

The cost of your chosen insurance will depend on your needs, but it’s good to know that a truck policy isn’t cheap. If you’re looking for general liability insurance, you may need to prepare USD$5,000 to USD$7,000 per year. However, insurance costs may increase or decrease depending on the following factors:

  • Age of your drivers and their driving records
  • Professionality of your drivers
  • State requirements
  • Truck’s age and condition
  • Type of cargo

What Are The Ways To Save Your Insurance?

Generally, it’s essential to remember that commercial policies aren’t cheap. Therefore, you need to do everything you can to save money as much as possible, such as:

  • Raise all deductibles,
  • Hire professional truck drivers with outstanding records,
  • Get discounts,
  • Secure your payment


Image Source: Canva
Image Source: Canva

How does commercial truck insurance work?

Similar to other auto coverage, commercial truck insurance safeguards against bodily injury and property damage liability. It protects in case a truck driver is Responsible for an accident. The insurance carrier handles claims and pays covered benefits when incidents occur.

How much does commercial truck insurance cost?

The cost varies based on vehicle type, coverage limits, location, cargo, business experience, and driver’s record. In 2020, the national average monthly price ranged from $640 to $982, according to Progressive.

What is fleet insurance?

Fleet insurance is for businesses with multiple vehicles. Vehicles get the same coverage options and discounts within a fleet. A fleet generally consists of five or more vehicles, though some insurers offer fleet policies for two or more cars.

How much commercial truck coverage do I need?

The required coverage depends on the vehicle, cargo, and federal regulations. Minimums range from $300,000 for non-hazardous cargo under 10,001 pounds to $5 million for certain hazardous materials.

What is trucker insurance?

Trucker or commercial truck insurance covers trucking businesses, independent drivers, and companies using trucks. It offers financial and legal protection for accidents, bodily injury, property damage, specialized cargo, and equipment.

What insurance do I need for a truck business?

Truck businesses must hold minimum liability coverage based on the type and weight of freight. Primary liability insurance covers accidents, and cargo insurance is required for transporting specific goods. Additional coverage options include physical damage, medical payments, general liability, non-trucking liability, and trailer interchange.

How can I lower the cost of commercial truck insurance?

Maintain a safe driving history, avoid accidents and violations, and take advantage of available discounts. Shop around for the best rates and consider adjusting coverage limits and deductibles. Be aware that lower coverage limits and higher deductibles may reduce costs but increase out-of-pocket expenses in the event of a claim.


Final Words

The role of insurance is to protect everyone from sudden expenses, including medical costs due to accidents, cargo losses, property damages, and damages due to natural disasters. As you may have read above, the primary use of commercial truck insurance is to assist other those injured by your truck. In this case, you may apply for different types of insurance to protect your properties and cargo, including your driver. Furthermore, be wise in choosing insurance policies and ensuring they suit your needs and long-term business goals. Also, don’t forget to follow the tips to save your insurance as much as possible.

Sandra Johnson

Sandra Johnson

Sandra Johnson was a few years out of school and took a job as a life insurance agent in California, selling coverage door-to-door for Prudential. The experience taught her about the technical components of insurance and its benefits for individuals and society, as well as the misunderstandings people often have about insurance. She has over ten years’ experience in the insurance industry, having worked as both a Broker and Underwriter, assisting clients across a broad range of industries. At Insurance Noon, Sarah diligently gathers all the required information and curates up pieces to provide meaningful insurance solutions. Her personal value proposition is to demonstrate a genuine interest in always adding value for clients.Her determined approach to guiding clients has turned her into a platinum adviser to multiple insurers.

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