This is a word you must have heard multiple times, but do you know what is a bank statement? A bank statement is a rundown of monetary transactions that happened at a specific organization during a particular time frame. For instance, a typical bank statement may show your deposits and withdrawals for a specific month. Bank statements permit you to check for blunders, watch for dubious activity, and track your spending. You may likewise have to present a bank statement when you apply for a loan or mortgage. By auditing your bank statements, you are walking towards better financial wellbeing and assuming control of your accounts — putting you closer to arriving at your monetary objectives.
Table of Contents
- 1 What is a bank statement?
- 2 How does a bank statement work?
- 3 Requirements for a bank statement
- 4 How to get a bank statement?
- 5 What is the purpose of a bank statement?
- 6 Types of interest rate
- 7 What Can I Do with a Bank Statement?
- 8 What to do after I get my bank statement?
- 9 How long should I keep my bank statements?
- 10 Benefits of a bank statement
- 11 Paper bank statements vs. Electronic bank statements
- 12 Conclusion
What is a bank statement?
Your bank statement mentions the details of all the transactions made with your account in a month. When you look at your bank statement, you can see all the finances that have come into your account and gone out of it in one place. For every transaction, you would also be able to see the dates and other parties that are involved. Therefore, you can see whom you paid (or who paid you) and the date the transaction actually cleared the bank. The information given on a bank statement can help you manage your savings and to make better financial decisions for yourself. What are the contents of a bank statement? A bank statement typically includes the following information:
- All the deposits into your account, including direct deposits, checks, transfers, reimbursements, payments, and interest earned
- All the withdrawals from your account, including purchases, transfers, ATM withdrawals, automatic payments, and bank fees
- Personal identifying information, for example, your bank account number, name, and address
- The balance for both the start and end of the statement period
- The bank information, such as the customer service number and guidelines for reporting fraud and mistakes
- The time period that is covered by your bank statement, which is usually a month. Nevertheless, it is important to keep in mind that statements do not always start at the beginning of the month. For instance, your statement could start on the 13th of one month to the 12th of the next.
How does a bank statement work?
A bank statement is intended to show you precisely what happened with your account during the previous month. It details your ways of managing and spending money and also mentions any incurred costs. Most bank statements start by gathering all deposits, giving you a thought of precisely what came into your account during the first month. Then, you will see your withdrawal activity summed up. Your summary will incorporate your account balance toward the start of the month, then show your ending account balance after each one of the deposits is added, and the withdrawals are made.
Underneath the summary, the bank statement will proceed to show every individual transaction you made, together with the corresponding dates, sums, and payees. With a checking account, a bank statement can be several pages in length, contingent upon how frequently you utilize your account to cover costs. As a general rule, you see your transactions in the order they occurred. The detailed list of transactions will give you an idea of when the cash comes into your account every month, and when it goes out.
Your transaction detail additionally incorporates data about where the deposit came from and where the cost went. Cautiously survey the transactions, particularly the costs, to ensure that they are precise. On the off chance that you notice any mistakes on your bank statement, you should report them to your financial establishment immediately. For the most part, you have 60 days to debate any erroneous or fraudulent data. Now and again, your bank statement can likewise give you documentation that permits you to get a loan.
Requirements for a bank statement
Parts of a bank statement incorporate data about the bank, for example, bank name and address — along with your information. The bank statement will also contain account data and the statement date, as well as the start and finishing balance of the account. Subtleties of every exchange — notably the amount, date, and payee — that occurred in the bank account during the period will likewise be incorporated, like deposits, withdrawals, checks paid, and any service charges. For instance, a bank statement may show non-interest-bearing financial records with a starting balance of $1,050, total deposits of $3,000, total withdrawals of $1,950, an ending balance of $2,100, and zero service charges for the period Sept. 1 through Sept. 30
How to get a bank statement?
Most banks give statements every month, however, some do it every quarter. Based on your bank, you can access your statement online, through the cellphone application, or via the mail.
How to access your bank statements online
Almost all banks and credit unions provide an option to see your bank statements online for free. The process differs from one bank to another. However, you still need to follow some basic steps.
- Log in to your account via the bank’s website or the smartphone application.
- If you have never signed in online, you would first have to create an account or call customer service.
- Look for where your bank houses its electronic statements.
- Search under headings like “services,” “bank statements,” or “e-statements.”
- Click on the statement period you want to view.
- Review the statement on your computer, tablet, or phone (you can even download your statement as a PDF).
- Save your bank statement in a secure place on your computer (if you wish), print it, or close out the screen.
- Log out of your bank account for security purposes.
You can even adjust your account settings while you are logged in, to “go paperless.” This implies that you will receive and review all statements online, rather than getting them in the mail. Banks will often provide a one-time bonus credit to your account for going paperless.
How to Get Paper Statements by Mail
When you sign up for an account, some banks automatically send you monthly statements via mail. Your mailed statements will be identical to what you can see online. In the event that you agree to go paperless, which means you agree to get electronic bank statements, banks should still give you a paper copy of your statement if you ask for it. To get paper statements, first sign on to your account through your bank’s official website or smartphone application. Look under headings like “account settings” and “services” to find out where you can request mailed statements. Some banks charge a fee for mailing your statements as it costs them time, printing, and postage. In case you are uncertain how to sign in online, call your bank’s customer service number, which is usually mentioned on your debit card. If your bank does not offer a mailed option, download your statement online as a PDF and print it to get an actual copy.
What is the purpose of a bank statement?
The purpose of a bank statement is to summarize the transaction activity during the period. The bank does not own the money in the account, therefore, it must act as a fiduciary and provide the depositor with the correct balances and transactions.
Acts As A Spending Record
Your bank statement provides a summary of your spending habits, especially in the event that you use debit cards, credit cards, or Visas as your payment method. Moreover, your bank statement records where you spent your cash when you spent it, and how much did you spend. On the off chance that you need to make a spending plan, but you do not have the foggiest idea of how much cash to place into each cost category, your bank statement can be an extraordinary asset.
Reveals Account Activity
Your bank statement offers an abundance of information. It discloses to you how much cash you had in each account toward the start of the accounting time frame, how much cash was in the account toward the end of the period, the amount you deposited, and the amount you withdrew. The statement records any interest it has credited to your accounts. It also provides details regarding each one of the expenses and charges the bank has debited from your accounts, so you know the amount it would cost you to maintain your account.
Allows For Account Reconciliation
One of the main roles of your bank statement is to give a method of reconciling your check register. This cycle includes comparing your records with the bank’s records to ensure they match. Accommodate your bank statement because if you think you have more cash in your account than what the bank is showing, you risk spending your cash than what you have available, which can bring about exorbitant overdrafts or a humiliating declined transaction at the register. Accommodating your bank statement will likewise uncover any sudden or unapproved charges to your account.
Your bank statement may incorporate your savings account, checking account, or credit card accounts. These accounts may be consolidated on a single statement, or they may be accounted for separately. If one of your accounts has been compromised, for instance, somebody has accessed your credit card number. Odds are that the first time you will know about it is when you notice unapproved charges against your account. You can limit the damage by directly reporting these charges.
Types of interest rate
The expression “interest rate” is quite possibly the most regularly used expression in the fixed-income investment dictionary. The various kinds of interest rates, including real, nominal, effective, and yearly, are recognized by key financial components, that can help individuals become more intelligent customers and shrewder investors. The differences between nominal, real, and effective rates are significant concerning loans. For instance, a loan with frequent compounding periods will be more costly than one that compounds yearly, which is an indispensable thought when looking for mortgages. Besides, security that pays only a 1% real interest rate may not be enough to grow an investor’s resources after some time. Basically: interest rates effectively uncover the genuine return that will be posted by a fixed-income investment and the genuine expense of borrowing for individuals or organizations.
Nominal Interest Rate
The nominal interest rate is the expressed interest rate of a bond or loan, which means that the actual financial price borrowers pay lenders to utilize their cash. On the off chance that the nominal rate on a loan is 5%, borrowers can hope to pay $5 of interest for each $100 loaned to them. This is frequently alluded to as the coupon rate since it was customarily stamped on the coupons reclaimed by bondholders.
Real Interest Rate
The real interest rate is so named, because, unlike the nominal rate, it factors inflation into the equation, to give investors a more accurate measure of their purchasing power, after they reclaim their positions. On the off chance that a yearly compounding bond lists a 6% nominal yield and the inflation rate is 4%, then, the real rate of interest is in reality just 2%.
Effective Interest Rate
Investors and borrowers ought to likewise know about the effective interest rate, which considers the idea of compounding. For instance, if a bond pays 6% yearly and accumulates semiannually, an investor who places $1,000 in this bond will get $30 of interest payments after the initial six months ($1,000 x .03), and $30.90 of interest after the next six months ($1,030 x .03). In total, this investor gets $60.90 for the year. In this situation, while the nominal rate is 6%, the effective rate is 6.09%. Numerically talking, the difference between the nominal and effective rates increments with the number of compounding periods inside a particular period.
What Can I Do with a Bank Statement?
Bank statements can prove to be really essential for a variety of reasons. From reviewing your spending to catching errors, bank statements are an easy-to-use financial tool. Let us take a look at the main things you can do with a bank statement:
- Apply for a loan: Regardless of whether it is a personal loan or mortgage, you may have to provide bank statements to your lender to prove your financial standing.
- Catch banking errors: Banks sometimes make mistakes. Get in touch with your bank if you suspect any errors, for instance, depositing in the wrong account or mischarging you.
- File your tax return: You may need to reference your bank statement when you file your taxes.
- Gauge your spending: Audit your bank statement monthly to stay up-to-date on your expenses.
- Identify fraud: Audit your statements frequently to help spot fraudulent activity, for example, if someone is using your debit card. Immediately contact your bank if you find any fraudulent transactions.
- Maintain records: Keep your statements in a secure place in case you need them in the future. You can download them on your computer or print them and place them in a secure file.
- Monitor your account balance: Reduce overdraft fees by making sure that you always have sufficient money to pay for bills and ATM transactions.
- Rent an apartment: A landlord or rental agency might request to see your bank statements before signing a lease.
- Watch for mistakes: For instance, a waiter accidentally typed in $52 on a restaurant credit card machine when your bill was only $25. Make sure your bank account is free of errors, duplicate charges, and discrepancies.
- Refinance your home: Financial associations may want to see various bank statements if you plan on refinancing your home.
- See how much interest you’re earning: If your bank or credit union gives you interest, take a look at how much money it is making you every month. Based on what interest you earn, you would want to put some of your money in an investment account or money market to earn more.
- Track your savings: Look at your starting and ending balances for a month or a quarter. Keep in mind how much you are accumulating.
What to do after I get my bank statement?
Once you get a new statement, try to do the following things:
Reconcile your account
You ought to consistently audit your bank statements to ensure everything is accurate. “Reconciling your account” — or matching up your own record of deposits, withdrawals, interest, and charges with the data on your bank statement — can help you catch any mix-ups or even fraud. It can likewise assist you with avoiding overdraft charges if the bank statement shows that you have less cash than you might suspect. On the off chance that you do not record transactions yourself yet utilize a third-party budgeting or accounting program, check whether it has a record of your transactions and compare that with your bank statement. When taking a look at your own records, make sure to focus on the statement’s end date, since transactions made after that date will show up on your next statement.
When you reconcile your account, you may see charges on your bank statement you do not recall making. Or then again you may see transaction sums you do not believe are precise. For instance, you paid $24 at a restaurant, yet it appears on your statement as $42. It is worth taking a couple of moments to discover the justification of a disparity. It may be the case that you made a purchase you forgot about, or you recorded the wrong purchase sum in your product application or checkbook. In the event that you see a mistake, report it to your bank or credit union. You will normally have 60 days from your statement date to dispute any blunders.
After you review your statement, record it in a protected spot. On the off chance that you just get electronic statements, consider downloading them, since certain banks limit how long you have access to statements, for example, as long as seven years. You will presumably have to allude to a bank statement when you record your tax return. What’s more, is that if you intend to refinance or purchase a home soon, potential loan specialists should see a few statements. Bank statements are an incredible tool to help you track your cash and stay on the same page as your bank or credit union.
How long should I keep my bank statements?
In certain examples, for example, applying for a loan or getting a divorce, you may have to pull up your bank statements from earlier years. By law, banks are needed to track your bank statements for somewhere around five years, and you ought to have the option to have access to them within that time — regardless of whether your account is closed. Contingent upon the bank, you may need to pay an expense to get to statements that are over a year or two old. On the off chance that you need to save statements from an earlier time, it is feasible to download them to your PC and store them in an encrypted folder or keep paper copies. As a rule, when you no longer require a bank statement, you should shred paper copies and delete the electronic copies.
Benefits of a bank statement
During the reconciliation of their bank account with the bank statement, account holders should check for errors. Account-holders should report disparities recorded as a hard copy at the earliest opportunity. A bank statement is additionally alluded to as an account statement. It shows if the bank is accountable for an account holder’s cash. Bank statements are an extraordinary device to assist account holders to monitor their cash. They can assist account holders to track their finances, distinguish errors, and perceive spending habits. An account holder ought to confirm their bank account consistently — either daily, weekly, or monthly — to guarantee their records match the bank’s records. This diminishes overdraft fees, errors, and misrepresentation. In the event that any errors are discovered, they should be accounted for by the bank in an ideal way. Account-holders ordinarily have 60 days from their statement date to debate any errors. They should save monthly statements for no less than one year.
Budgeting and Financial Planning
A bank statement resembles an individual P&L statement. It permits account holders to monitor their finances and plan for future expenditures. Bank statements are additionally amazingly accommodating for budgeting, as they permit account holders to translate the amount they are spending on various categories. For instance, an account holder can compute their monthly consumption of food by including singular exchanges.
Reconciliation and Identification of Fraudulent Activities
When the bank prepares a bank statement or e-statement at the end of the month, account holders are typically allowed 30-60 days to examine the charges and reconcile their cash balance. Since the bank statement contains all charges, alongside the corresponding dates and payees, it can assist account holders to distinguish any fraudulent movement. For instance, if the bank statement shows a charge for an exchange that the account holder did not take part in, they can contact the bank and request that they take a look at the fraud transaction.
Bank statements can likewise be helpful to examine the creditworthiness of the account holder. Most banks and monetary foundations require confirmation of bank statements for the last 2-5 years before offering advances to individual customers. Banks utilize the person’s bank statements and other credit reports to break down the creditworthiness of the borrower. It applies to most kinds of loans, including mortgages, student loans, and loans for independent ventures.
Paper bank statements vs. Electronic bank statements
Most banks permit you to pick how you need to accept your bank statements. You can get a paper statement via the post office, or you can have an electronic bank statement presented on your account. To get to your electronic bank statements, it is normally necessitated that you sign in to your account and search for a navigation item that shows bank statements. This may be under a heading like “Services” or “Account Information” if a statement choice is not quickly apparent on your navigation. When you find your statements, you can pick which month to take a gander at. Typically, it is feasible to save your statement as a PDF on your PC or print it out.
A bank statement is composed according to the perspective of the bank. At the point when you deposit cash into a bank account, the bank really owes you cash. They owe you the deposit you put in your account. Just as if you were recording an organization liability, the bank records a liability to you and records it as a credit on your monthly bank statement. Bank statements give you an unmistakable, progressing image of your monetary action. By looking into your statements, you can screen your spending and saving while at the same time looking for any errors. Above all, being aware of your finances will help you come to your objectives and accomplish monetary prosperity.