What Is Auto Insurance? How Can You Get It?

Have you decided to get auto insurance? You must know auto insurance is a contract between you and the insurance company. To learn more about it, follow this article.

The world is full of risks and uncertainties, and accidents are prevalent. In order to protect you from any financial disaster arising from the event of accidents or theft, auto insurance provides coverage. The insurance generally covers liability claims filed against you. You can also add collision coverage to replace your car in the event of a collision or comprehensive coverage to protect your vehicle from non-collision damage.

Before we delve more deeply into the discussion, know what exactly is auto insurance. Auto insurance is a contract between you and the insurance company protecting you against financial loss in an accident or theft. The insurance company decides to pay your losses as confined in your policy in exchange for your praying a premium.

What is auto insurance?

Auto insurance is a contract between you and an insurance company to protect yourself from financial disaster. You agree to pay premiums in exchange for protection against financial losses arising from an accident or other damage to the vehicle. Auto insurance can offer coverage for vehicle damages to your car and other driver’s vehicles. In addition, it covers property damage or bodily injuries caused by accidents and pays for medical bills and funeral expenses associated with injuries sustained in an accident.

Moreover, what else is covered under an auto insurance policy depends on the minimum coverage requirement for your state and any additional coverage options you choose to include. Auto insurance premiums vary depending on age, gender, years of driving experience, accident and moving violation history, and other aspects. Most states require you to have a minimum amount of liability insurance coverage. Some also need you to have coverage types, such as uninsured motorist coverage.

It’s essential to shop around for the best car insurance rates to find the right coverage for your vehicle at the right place. There are two primary charges associated with purchasing car insurance; premiums and deductibles. A poor driving record or the desire for exclusive coverage will lead to higher premiums. However, you can reduce your premiums by agreeing to take on more risk, increasing your deductibles.

Your deductible is the amount you must pay when filing a claim before the insurance company pays out anything for damages. Agreeing to a higher deductible can result in a lower premium, but you will have to be reasonably sure you can cover the higher amount if you need to file a claim.

How does auto insurance work?

The insurance company agrees to pay your losses as mentioned in your policy in exchange for paying a premium. Policies are priced individually to let you customize coverage amounts to suit your exact requirements and budget. Policy terms are usually six or twelve-month timeframes and are renewable. An insurer will notify a client when to renew the policy and pay another premium.

Whether they mandate having a minimum amount of auto insurance, nearly every state requires car owners to carry bodily injury liability, covering costs associated with injuries or death that you or another driver causes while driving your car. They may also need a property damage liability, which reimburses others for damage you or another driver operating your car causes to another vehicle or property. Keep in mind that there are some things car insurance doesn’t cover, like regular maintenance issues.

Uninsured motorist coverage compensates you when an accident is caused by a driver who does not have auto insurance. Underinsured motorist coverage is designed to protect you when you are involved in an accident with a driver who has some insurance but not enough to cover the total cost of a claim. You can purchase car insurance directly from an insurance company or through an independent marketplace like Policygenius, where you can compare multiple quotes at once.

If the incident is covered, your insurance company will pay the cost of the damage you caused, or the damage to your car, depending on the situation. The insurance company may pay you directly. Otherwise, payment may be made to the other driver or the mechanic fixing your car. If your car is a lease, a lawsuit may be paid to your leaseholder.

Types of auto insurance

An auto insurance policy can protect you against financial losses if you are involved in an accident. Auto policies consist of several types of coverage that cover different risks. Some auto insurance coverage is required by state law, while others are optional. The significant types of auto insurance types are:

  • Bodily injury liability
  • Property damage liability
  • Medical payments or personal injury protection insurance
  • Collision coverage
  • Underinsured/uninsured motorist coverage
  • Comprehensive coverage

Bodily injury liability insurance

Bodily injury liability insurance is designed to pay medical expenses for someone else if you injure them in an accident where you’re supposed to be at fault. This coverage can apply to you and anyone else listed as a driver on your policy.

Property damage liability insurance

Property damage liability insurance also covers you in accidents where you are at fault. It pays for repairs to the other driver’s vehicle or property you may damage.

Medical payments or personal injury protection insurance

If you or a passenger in your vehicle are injured in an accident, medical payments or personal injury protection coverage can help pay any resulting medical bills. This type of coverage can also cover lost wages if you or an injured passenger cannot work or funeral expenses if someone in your vehicle dies because of an accident.

Collision coverage

While property damage liability insurance pays for damage to someone else’s vehicle or property following an accident, collision coverage pays for damage to your car or property. That can include damages caused by a collision with another car or hitting a stationary object such as a tree or fence.

Underinsured or uninsured motorist coverage

Underinsured motorist coverage can cover you if you’re involved in an accident where the driver who’s at fault doesn’t have sufficient insurance. It is meant to protect you if you’re in an accident with a driver who has no insurance at all.

Comprehensive coverage

Comprehensive coverage refunds you for loss, theft, or damage to your vehicle caused by something other than a collision. For example, that can include fire damage, harm from hail and other falling objects, or damage caused by animals.

Car insurance advantages and disadvantages

The car insurance policy protects you against financial and legal liabilities towards a third party. On the other hand, a comprehensive insurance policy covers your vehicle against damage due to fire, accident, theft, cyclone, flood, etc. Along with this cover, it provides coverage for any third-party liability.

Advantages of car insurance

  • You are protected if your vehicle is damaged due to an accident, fire, or self-ignition.
  • If your car suffers losses from burglary or theft, strikes, riots, or terrorism, your insurance company covers it.
  • It covers loss or damage while transit by rail, inland waterways, air, road, or lifts.
  • Personal accident cover provides protection against permanent total disability and death due to an accident.
  • Another advantage of car insurance is that it gives personal accident cover for a predetermined amount.
  • This cover can be taken for other passengers on an anonymous basis for a predetermined amount under the car insurance policy.
  • Car insurance companies maintain an extensive network of garages across the country. This ensures you receive cashless services in all the locations if the requirement arises. This feature makes it fortunate to avail of repair services in case of any damage to your car.
  • Car insurance covers third-party liabilities if your car is involved in an accident that results in damage or loss to the property of any third parties.
  • If you face any legal liabilities in case of any physical injury or death of a third party, your car insurance protects you against the same.
  • One of the significant advantages of having car insurance is the no claim bonus. The customer is eligible for this advantage for every claim-free year. It may be available as a discount on the premium, which makes car insurance even cheaper.

Disadvantages of car insurance

  • Despite paying insurance premiums every month, you might have to pay a deductible amount to get your claim. This deductible amount is decided at the time when the car owner buys the insurance.
  • You might never have to claim impairments from your car insurance company.
  • Lengthy contracts, fine print conditionals, wavering credibility, and false promises are significant disadvantages of car insurance for ordinary people.
  • Your car insurance company may not cover all kinds of damages.
  • Buying car insurance is very costly.
  • Hidden costs for additional services that you might not need.
  • Insurance companies take their sweet time paying the claims.
  • Payment terms may be a disadvantage of your car insurance company.
  • The insurance company might not consider a quote from a mechanic shop you trust.
  • You may pay a higher premium if you live in a busy area.
  • An older car might come cheap but cost more to insure.

What are the three types of car insurance?

Primary types of auto insurance coverage include liability, collision, and comprehensive. Each of these has its coverage ranges and may also include extra services. There are distinct price differences. With one form being more expensive than another, going with the least costly is tempting.

Liability coverage

This level of coverage is the bare minimum that you have to be a legally insured driver. Liability is to protect you, the driver, in the event that you are responsible for an accident or if you are held accountable even if you did not technically cause one. This coverage includes damages, medical expenses, lost earnings, as well as other consequences suffered by those who sustained injuries as a result of the accident.

Collision coverage

This level of auto insurance involves coverage for repairs to your car that need to be made as a result of a traffic accident, no matter who is at fault. It also covers property damage and any damage to the vehicle resulting from a collision with trees, buildings, etc. Collision insurance offers a replacement provision too. This means that if your car is declared “destroyed” by the auto insurance company, you may be able to obtain a replacement vehicle of the same market value or down payment for another one.

Comprehensive coverage

Comprehensive insurance coverage includes the replacement of the vehicle if it is stolen or damaged by natural disasters. Keep in mind that each of these coverage levels represents basic categories. Each auto insurance provider may have unique coverage and policy provisions. You will need to determine what type of coverage you need and what other features may be beneficial.

Why is auto insurance important?

Auto insurance is an important protection for your car and your financial liability as well. If you get into an accident without insurance, you can potentially stick to paying for hundreds of thousands of dollars in damages and injuries. It also may help cover your passengers’ expenditures due to the accident. This coverage may include hospital bills, doctor visits, and surgery.

In addition, auto insurance is important as it helps protect your passengers, medical payments coverage, and personal injury protection may help pay for your financial bills if you are injured in an accident.  If you don’t have car insurance for you and your vehicle, you could be breaking the law depending on your state. Driving without insurance can make you pay fines and license suspension.

The purpose of having auto insurance is, so you’re able to reimburse others for damage you cause. So you won’t get stuck paying out of pocket for the costs from a car accident or a different kind of collision, like if you drive into a pole. Depending on what type of coverage your car insurance contains, you could be protected from a variety of perils like:

  • Fire
  • Vandalism
  • Theft
  • Hail damage
  • Animal damage (like if you hit a dog or if rats infest your engine)

Car insurance is essential even beyond collisions and accidents. If your car is stolen, you can file a claim with your car insurance company, and they can pay to replace your vehicle up to your policy’s limit. But if your car is stolen and you don’t have car insurance, or if you only have a limited amount of coverage, you’ll be stuck paying for a new car yourself.

If you’re in an accident and don’t have car insurance, depending on the state you live in, you may face fines for not having insurance, plus additional penalties if you’re ticketed for the accident. The average outlay of a car accident can be staggering. If you don’t have auto insurance and cause an accident, you could be on the hook to pay for all of the damages and injuries.

If you have auto insurance, your policy will cover the other driver’s medical bills and the cost of replacing their car (up to your insurance policy limits). The law says that you’re liable for the damages done to another person and their property in a car accident you cause, in case you don’t have insurance. You can’t afford to pay for the other driver’s repairs and medical costs, you could end up in jail, or a court could decide to send a chunk of your paycheck every month to the person you harmed.

What is auto insurance in the USA?

Auto insurance or car insurance in the United States and elsewhere is designed to protect against the risk of financial liability or the loss of a motor vehicle that the owner may face if their car is involved in a collision that results in property or physical damage. Most states require a motor vehicle owner to maintain some minimum level of liability insurance. States that do not require the vehicle owner to have car insurance include Virginia, where an uninsured motor vehicle fee may be paid to the state.

Furthermore, New Hampshire, and Mississippi, offer vehicle owners the option to post cash bonds. The Constitution protects the rights of citizens in each state when traveling to another. A motor vehicle owner generally pays insurers a monthly fee, often called an insurance premium. A variety of factors usually determine the insurance premium a motor vehicle owner pays, including the type of covered vehicle, marital status, and credit score.

Moreover, it considers whether the driver rents or owns a home, the age and gender of any covered drivers, their driving history, and where the vehicle is primarily driven and stored. Most insurance companies will increase insurance premium rates based on these aspects and, less frequently, offer discounts. Insurance companies provide a motor vehicle owner with an insurance card for the particular coverage term, which is to be kept in the vehicle in a traffic collision as proof of insurance.

Why do you need auto insurance?

Each state’s laws set the lowest auto liability coverage limits that drivers are required to purchase. A boundary is a maximum amount your insurance company will pay toward a covered claim. You may want to enrich your coverage limits beyond your state’s minimum requirements. Otherwise, you may have to pay out-of-pocket. For example, you cause a wreck that injures another driver, and their medical bills surpass your coverage limits.

Some states demand you to have supplemental coverages on your car insurance policy, such as uninsured motorist coverage or personal injury protection. In addition, car insurance provides financial security. Liability coverage helps you pay unexpected expenses that you are likely to pay for the costs. Your lender may require you to buy collision and comprehensive coverage if you lease your vehicle. These coverages help protect the investment. Comprehensive coverage helps repair or replace the car if it’s damaged in a covered loss.

Furthermore, car insurance can help you protect yourself from even the cost of repairs. Auto insurance helps protect your passengers. It pays for your medical bills if you are wounded in an accident. Medical payments coverage helps pay for hospital visits, doctor bills, and surgery. You have the proper auto insurance coverage that can go beyond fulfilling a legal requirement. Auto insurance protects your car and wallet and even offers peace of mind.

If you include gap insurance on your auto policy, this coverage helps pay off your car loan if the vehicle is totaled or stolen and you owe more than its depreciated value. Gap insurance is optional, and it generally works with collision and comprehensive coverage. Without comprehensive or collision coverage, you might have to use your own money to get your car fixed.


Auto insurance  is a contract between you and an insurance company to protect yourself from financial disaster. The insurance company agrees to pay your losses as mentioned in your policy in exchange for paying a premium. It comes in different types according to your budget and needs. Auto insurance is essential protection for your car and your financial liability as well. If you get into an accident without insurance, you can potentially stick to paying for hundreds of thousands of dollars in damages and injuries. So buying auto insurance will be an excellent idea.

Charles Bains

Charles Bains

Charles Bains started his insurance career as a marketing intern before pounding the pavement as a commercial lines agent in Orlando, FL. As an industry journalist, his articles have appeared in a variety of trade publications. His insurance television career, short-lived but glorious, once saw him serve as the expert adviser on an insurance-themed infomercial (yes, you read that correctly). Having recently worked for various organizations, coupled with his broader insurance knowledge, Charles is able to understand our client’s needs and guide them accordingly. He is a gem for Insurance Noon as his wide area of expertise and experience have been beneficial in conducting further researches to come up with solutions and writing them in a manner which is easy for everyone including beginners to comprehend.

Insurance Noon is the world's leading source of insurance related content on the web, focusing on industry news, buying guides, reviews, and much more.