What Is Collision Insurance?

What is collision insurance and how does it work? Read on to find out.

You must have heard of the term collision insurance. But do you even know what it really is? Collision insurance sounds pretty clear, yet it will not cover all of your bills after an accident. Collision coverage pays to fix the damage caused to your own vehicle when you hit another car or any structure like a light post or fence. Moreover, it might likewise pay if another driver hits your vehicle and does not have the required amount of insurance to pay for the harm. Although it is not needed by state law, you might have to buy a collision insurance policy in the event that you are renting your vehicle or you owe vehicle installments.

In case you’re looking for collision insurance, make certain to analyze offers from some of the best auto insurance organizations in the country. By getting and comparing numerous quotes, you can ensure you pick the most minimal rates for your collision coverage. If you want to know more about what is collision insurance, then you have come to the right place. In the article below, we have provided a complete analysis and understanding of collision insurance, how it works, how much it costs, and a lot more. So, what are you waiting for? Without much further ado, let us dive right in!

What is collision insurance?

Before we go into any other detail, let us start off with a quick definition of collision insurance. Collision insurance is a type of coverage on your insurance policy. Let us suppose that you met with an accident, and your car crashed into another vehicle, or structure such as a street sign, a lamppost, or a garage door, which somehow resulted in damage. In such a case, if you had collision coverage, the expense to fix or supplant your vehicle would be dealt with. Some certain advantages of collision insurance fluctuate from one state to another, however, the general benefit of this insurance type is that there would be no out-of-pocket costs, with the exception of the deductible and maybe, a rental vehicle.

To additionally characterize the term, collision insurance is auto coverage that repays the safeguarded for harm supported to their own vehicle, because of the issue of the guaranteed driver. As such, when you get into a car crash, collision insurance helps cover the expenses to fix or supplant your vehicle, less your deductible. This sort of insurance is regularly added as an augmentation of an essential car policy to secure drivers in case of harm from a collision. Collision is regularly needed as a condition for an advance or a rent understanding. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you own the vehicle altogether, this coverage is discretionary.

Comprehensively talking, collision insurance can conceivably apply to the accompanying circumstances:

  • An accident that only involves your vehicle, for example, toppling over
  • An accident due to crash with another thing, for example, a phone pole or sidewalk
  • An accident involving another vehicle, for example, a car accident or somebody hitting your vehicle while it’s left in the city

Know that collision insurance just repays you for harm caused to your vehicle – not for harm caused to different vehicles or objects, or for real wounds supported in the mishap.

How does collision insurance work?

As the name infers, collision insurance compensates the insured individual for harm from an actual collision, and not because of robbery or vandalism. In addition to this, it also does not provide coverage for any damage that is paid from another driver’s policy, if the other driver was to blame. Collision coverage is vital for ensuring your vehicle against the monetary misfortune that accompanies actual harm to your vehicle. At the point when an accident occurs, somebody is consistently to blame, and that could be you. So, it is always better to be prepared for any sort of situation.

Normally, collision insurance is dependent upon a deductible, a set sum deducted from any collision claim check. You can pick your deductible sum, which ordinarily ranges from $500 to $1,500. For instance, if you swerved your car to avoid hitting a squirrel on the street but accidentally hit a light post instead, and you have a collision deductible of $1,000, your insurance organization would pay for the expense to fix the harm to your vehicle, except for the $1,000.

On the off chance that the expense of the harm was not exactly your $1,000 deductible, you wouldn’t have any desire to make a case in light of the fact that your insurance policy wouldn’t pay — and would probably build your rates later for having a case. In the event that the vehicle was annihilated by the effect, your safety net provider would take away $1,000 from your vehicle’s estimated value before the crash and send you an installment for that sum.

This deductible would likewise apply if your vehicle was as yet drivable, yet the harm would cost more to fix than the worth of your vehicle, and the safety net provider announces it to be totaled. You could in any case fix your vehicle, yet it would be recorded as salvaged on the title. A few guarantors will not cover salvaged vehicles or will charge more on the off chance that they do.

Reducing or waiving your collision deductible

You must remember that your collision deductible will apply in any event, even when you’re not to blame, but the other driver doesn’t have adequate insurance to pay for the harm and you don’t have underinsured or uninsured driver coverage. On the off chance that it appears to be unreasonable that you’d need to pay out of your own pocket to fix harm brought about by another person, you should consider adding a collision deductible waiver to your policy. Accessible just in certain states, this defers your deductible if an uninsured driver causes an accident and your collision coverage needs to pay.

Another approach to lessen your collision deductible weight after an accident is by adding “disappearing deductibles” (which pass by a few monikers) to your policy. Some collision insurance organizations will lower your deductible by a specific sum — ordinarily $100 — for every year you do not end up in an accident or ticket. Subtleties fluctuate from one organization to another. However, it by and large costs extra and may not be awesome on the off chance that you don’t wind up getting into an accident.

How do you choose a deductible for collision?

At the point when you buy collision coverage, you’ll have the choice to select the measure of your deductible. This is your cash-based expense in case you face a collision loss. So how does a deductible function? Suppose you select a $1,000 deductible. At that point, you get into an accident, and the harm comes to $2,500. The insurance organization would repay you for $1,500, while you would be on the snare for the excess $1,000 (your deductible amount). So, selecting a deductible amount is actually a balance between your comfort level with the hazard and your financial plan/budget.

At the point when you are deciding to buy collision coverage, you must ascertain the annual savings contrasted with the expense of the deductible. On the off chance that the three-year savings are less than the expense of the higher deductible, it very well might be more worth your time and energy to settle on the lower deductible. However, there are positively some different interesting points to take into consideration while picking a deductible for your collision insurance. Your ability to pay is one. Likewise, think about the worth of your vehicle.

What does collision insurance cover?

Collision insurance covers damage caused to your own car from:

  • An incident where your car topples over
  • An accident with something such as a tree, street light, or mailbox
  • An accident you cause with another driver
  • Some other driver crashing into your vehicle on the off chance that they don’t have any or enough insurance to take care of the damage expenses, and you don’t have uninsured/underinsured motorist property damage coverage

In case you’re in an accident and another driver is completely to blame, their property damage liability insurance pays for any harm to your vehicle. Expecting they have it, you’d make a claim to their insurance first. This coverage is obligatory in each state aside from New Hampshire, which doesn’t need accident protection.

Be that as it may, in numerous states, the least cutoff points are low — just $5,000 or $10,000. A driver with only state-required property damage limits wouldn’t have sufficient coverage to pay for a new vehicle whenever totaled. At that point, your collision insurance would kick in. This is one explanation banks require collision and complete coverage insofar as you’re renting or taking care of a vehicle: You could be drowning in an automobile advance, on the snare for a huge number of loaned dollars if your vehicle was totaled soon after getting it.

What does collision insurance not cover?

Collision insurance does not cover harm that is brought about by climate or an animal. Any harm your vehicle maintains while parked is likewise not covered. Instances of what collision insurance does not cover include:

  • The harm caused by hail, fire, or flood
  • Theft or vandalism damage
  • Clinical costs for any accident
  • Collisions with a deer or other huge animal
  • Harm to someone else’s property

To cover your own clinical costs, you will require medical payments (MedPay) or personal injury protection (PIP) policy. On the off chance that you need your vehicle to be covered in case of robbery or weather harm, you will need to buy a comprehensive insurance policy. Harm to another driver’s vehicle is covered by liability car insurance.

How much does collision car insurance cost?

As per information gathered by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC), in 2017, the average yearly expense of collision insurance in the U.S. was $363.08. Nonetheless, average premiums fluctuated broadly from one state to another. Besides, your own expense might be higher, as this figure incorporates limits and may represent group approaches that are ordinarily less expensive than an individual policy you could purchase on the web. The least expensive state for collision insurance that year was South Dakota, where drivers paid an average charge of $236.35. On the other hand, the most costly territory was Washington, D.C., where drivers paid $497.81 by and large.

The expense of any insurance policy changes from one state to another as well as from one driver to another. Individual subtleties like your age, sex, marital status, and driving record factor into the expense of an auto policy, as do insights regarding the vehicle you drive and where you reside within your state. You can diminish your expenses by drawing lower policy lines or a higher deductible.

Contingent upon the organization, you probably won’t have the option to purchase collision insurance without thorough coverage, or the other way around. This could be on the grounds that you have a functioning advance or rent that requires both or in light of the fact that your safety net provider expects one to buy the other. Collision insurance will in general cost significantly more than extensive insurance since collision claims are more normal. Selecting higher deductibles can bring down your premium, as long as you can cover the expenses that you have to pay from your own pocket.

Collision coverage deductibles and limits

Collision coverage has a deductible, which is the sum you pay before your coverage helps pay for your case. You can normally pick the amount of your collision deductible when you purchase coverage.

Contingent upon your insurance provider, you may have a few deductible amounts to browse from – normally $0, $500, or $1,000. In the event that you pick a lower deductible, your premium will probably increment. In a similar manner, if you pick a higher deductible, your premium may diminish. Remember, notwithstanding, you should pay your deductible from your own pocket toward vehicle fixes as a feature of a covered case. In this way, in the event that you pick a $1,000 deductible and your vehicle is subsequently harmed in a covered accident, you’d need to pay $1,000 toward repair costs. Average deductibles by and large reach from $250 to $1,000, in any case, the worth of your vehicle is a significant factor to remember while deciding your deductible sum.

In addition to this, collision coverage also has a limit, which is the most extreme sum your policy will pay toward a covered case. Your collision coverage limit is usually the actual cash value of your vehicle (its value excluding the depreciation). For instance, say your vehicle is totaled in a covered collision. Your safety net provider would write you a check for the vehicle’s depreciated value, excluding your deductible. Remember that the depreciated value signifies you will most likely be unable to supplant your old vehicle with one of a more current make and model. You’d probably need to utilize cash out of your own pocket to do that.

How does collision coverage compare to comprehensive?

The one major difference between collision and comprehensive coverage boils down to the matter of what the driver controls. Collision insurance will cover occasions within a driver’s control or when another vehicle crashes into your vehicle. Comprehensive coverage for the most part falls under the category of “acts of God or nature,” or things that are generally out of your control when driving. These can incorporate occasions like a frightened deer, a hailstorm, or a carjacking incident.

In the event that you need collision coverage, most insurance organizations additionally expect you to have comprehensive coverage. This is frequently alluded to as full coverage. Both give you coverage when any harm befalls the vehicle, however, it boils down to how the damage happened. To improve, collision insurance covers car accidents — things that occur while you’re driving and in charge of the vehicle. Comprehensive insurance coverage will in general cover circumstances that were out of your control. To give you a better understanding given below are a few events where comprehensive insurance will cover the damage:

  • vandalism
  • falling objects, such as a tree branch snapping off and falling on your car
  • harsh weather conditions, such as tornadoes, flooding, and hail
  • fire
  • animals

Collision insurance covers auto accidents, explicitly when the accident was brought about by you. Truth be told, in the event that you caused an accident, your risk insurance could pay for the other vehicle’s harms. In any case, regardless of whether the accident was brought about by another driver, your collision policy may likewise give you extra security, so you can get back out and about.

How about we utilize the consequence of a significant storm to delineate the differences between collision and comprehensive. Within that storm, let us think about two theoretical occasions: First, a weighty telephone pole was blown down and fell on your truck, or second, you swerved to stay away from a falling tree and ended up colliding with a guardrail. In the first event, you were unable to control when or why a tree fell on your vehicle. This sort of accident would get repaid under your comprehensive policy. In the subsequent circumstance, you were driving the vehicle and at last turned into the guardrail. This makes it a collision, and collision insurance pays for the harm.

Do I need collision insurance?

You might be contemplating internally, “I am a capable driver. Do I truly need collision insurance?” Although you are not legally required to keep a collision insurance policy in any state, it’s consistently a keen alternative – with such a huge amount out and about that you can’t handle, would you truly like to risk paying a huge number of dollars from your own pocket for harm to your vehicle after an accident? Collision coverage assists you with ensuring your investments, particularly when combined with liability and comprehensive coverages.

In the event that you are renting your vehicle or making installments (instead of owning your vehicle through and through), your insurance organization may necessitate that you buy both collision coverage and comprehensive coverages. A collision insurance policy can shield you from an exorbitant fix or substitution after an accident. In the event that you are involved in an accident where the other driver is to blame, that driver’s policy may not take care of the full expense of harms to your vehicle, and your collision policy can pay the rest of your bills.

Should you get into an accident and are discovered to be at fault, your liability insurance policy will just cover harms to the other driver’s vehicle — not your own. This implies you’ll need to pay the whole expense of your own vehicle fixes from your own pocket except if you have collision insurance. Check with your auto loan specialist about whether collision coverage is required. Collision coverage is particularly significant for new drivers, like teenagers, who do not have a lot of experience regarding driving.

Do I need collision coverage on an old car?

There is a possibility that your vehicle credit is at last paid off, and you’re not, at this point needed to have full coverage on your vehicle. Or on the other hand, possibly your vehicle is near 10 years old and you’re perusing a ton of monetary counsel articles revealing to you that dropping collision is an extraordinary method to make more space in your spending plan.

Truly, the inquiry around the opportune chance to drop coverage is certainly not a simple inquiry to reply to. It relies upon your vehicle and your conditions. On the off chance that you have an old vehicle or the worth of your vehicle is low, it may not be great to buy collision insurance. When attempting to choose if a collision insurance policy is ideal for you, gauge the worth of your vehicle and take away your deductible. That sum is the maximum value you can hope to get from a collision insurance policy. Look at this against your collision insurance expense to decide if collision insurance is great for you. Here are a few questions you can ask yourself:

  • What amount of cash do you have on hand? On the off chance that you had an accident tomorrow, could you think of the assets to fix or supplant your vehicle? Here’s one interesting point. In excess of 6% of individuals who have collision coverage record a claim, and the average claim adds up to $3,435, as per an examination by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners distributed on the Insurance Information Institute site. Would you be able to bear to pay almost $3,500 from cash ut of your own pocket?
  • What amount is your vehicle worth? Some will advise you to depend on the age of the vehicle. In any case, it wasn’t that some time in the past when a great many people considered supplanting vehicles when they arrived at the 10-year point and piled up in excess of 100,000 miles. Nowadays, numerous makes and models can outlive those old benchmarks. That implies your 10-year-old vehicle may have held critical remaining worth.
  • What amount does full coverage cost? Take the expense of yearly coverage, and gauge that against your deductible and your vehicle’s worth. At one point, you may track down there’s very little monetary advantage to paying the extra expenses of full coverage, and afterward, it could be an ideal opportunity to consider eliminating collision coverage from your policy.

On the off chance that you have extra inquiries or need to talk this through, contact a nearby ERIE specialist. They will actually want to walk you through certain auto policy subtleties and ensure yours is personalized specifically to you.

Why should you buy collision coverage?

On the off chance that you owe cash on your vehicle, or in case you’re renting it, collision coverage ordinarily isn’t discretionary; most moneylenders and leaseholders require it. Moreover, on the off chance that your vehicle is paid off, notwithstanding, you can pick whether to purchase collision coverage or not. One thing that you must consider is the amount it would cost to fix or supplant your vehicle if it was harmed or annihilated in an accident. Furthermore, if you cannot afford to fix your vehicle or purchase another one after a disaster area, buying collision coverage could give you some true serenity.

When should you drop collision insurance?

On the off chance that you have taken care of your vehicle credit and you own the vehicle freely and with no debts, then you have the alternative to drop collision insurance. For this situation, you should look at the advantages and disadvantages of keeping this coverage. The two essential elements you will need to look at are:

  • The expense of collision insurance; and
  • The value of your vehicle.

You can discover how much your collision coverage costs by taking a gander at your insurance policy revelations page, or by asking your representative. It is simplest to separate this figure on the basis of the manner in which you make installments. For instance, on the off chance that you pay your vehicle insurance on a month-to-month basis, discover the monthly cost of collision insurance.

Furthermore, in deciding if collision insurance is as yet great, a decent general guideline is that if the expense of this coverage at regular intervals is 25% or a greater amount of the value of your vehicle, it is likely an ideal opportunity to drop it. If so, it would imply that you could take the cash you save from not having collision coverage and purchase a tantamount vehicle in two years. Yet, presently it relies upon the worth of the vehicle and its new parts. A costly vehicle, similar to a Mercedes, might merit the expense of collision and comprehensive coverage for a number of years more than a Nissan Sentra. What’s more, new parts may be so costly as to effortlessly surpass the deductible.

Moreover, older vehicles that are as yet drivable, however, have lost a colossal chunk of their value through depreciation, have their own analytics. While guaranteeing these vehicles, it bodes well to drop collision coverage. That is on the grounds that your greatest payout — which is the worth of the vehicle excluding your deductible sum — will probably be amazingly low and not worth the insurance cost after some time. Owners of classic and vintage vehicles have exceptional contemplations to make. Proprietors of these vehicles regularly have exemplary vehicle insurance. These arrangements depend on the vehicle’s “concurred esteem” rather than devaluation. What’s more, is that it could be based either on the vehicle’s condition or on the cost of the special-order parts important to fix it.


Now that you have read this article, you know all about what is collision insurance. Collision insurance is coverage that assists you in paying to fix or supplant your vehicle if it’s harmed in an accident with another vehicle or structure, like a fence or a tree. In case you’re renting or financing your vehicle, collision coverage is ordinarily needed by the moneylender. Furthermore, on the off chance that your vehicle is paid off, collision is a discretionary coverage on your vehicle insurance policy. If you have any other questions about collision coverage, it is a great option to get in touch with a local agent to explore your options.

Sandra Johnson

Sandra Johnson

Sandra Johnson was a few years out of school and took a job as a life insurance agent in California, selling coverage door-to-door for Prudential. The experience taught her about the technical components of insurance and its benefits for individuals and society, as well as the misunderstandings people often have about insurance. She has over ten years’ experience in the insurance industry, having worked as both a Broker and Underwriter, assisting clients across a broad range of industries. At Insurance Noon, Sarah diligently gathers all the required information and curates up pieces to provide meaningful insurance solutions. Her personal value proposition is to demonstrate a genuine interest in always adding value for clients.Her determined approach to guiding clients has turned her into a platinum adviser to multiple insurers.

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