What Is Liability Insurance Coverage? What Does It Cover?

Are you looking to find out information about liability insurance coverage? Let’s delve into the discussion to know what it is.

In today’s world of risks and uncertainties, it’s better to have yourself protected from any unexpected financial troubles. If someone files a lawsuit or reports a claim against your company, liability insurance offers coverage to help protect you or your business. There are different insurance coverages that you can get to protect your business from liability claims.

If you cause an accident in which you are at fault and injure the other person. In such cases, liability insurance coverage pays for the property damage. In this article, we will discuss liability insurance coverage. You will get to know under what circumstances general liability insurance provides coverage.

What is liability car insurance coverage?

Liability insurance coverage refers to an insurance product that protects against claims resulting from injuries and damage to other people or property. Liability insurance policies cover any legal costs and payouts an insured party is responsible for if they are legally liable. Intentional damage and contractual liabilities are usually not covered in liability insurance policies. Unlike other types of insurance, liability insurance policies reimburse third parties, not policyholders.

Liability car insurance is the part of a car insurance policy that provides financial protection for a driver who harms somebody else or their property. The two elements of liability car insurance are bodily injury liability and property damage liability. The bodily injury part of a car insurance policy covers an at-fault driver, so they are not liable for others’ emergency and ongoing medical expenses, loss of income, or funeral costs. It also helps cover the policyholder’s legal fees when the accident results in a case.

Liability insurance is often needed for automotive insurance policies, product manufacturers, and anyone who practices medicine or law. In liability insurance, the provisions that are not covered include intentional damage, contractual liabilities, and criminal prosecution. It covers bodily injuries, including medical bills, prescriptions, lost wages, pain, and suffering.

Furthermore, It covers a rental vehicle while the other person’s car is being repaired. It includes diminished value, the difference between the car’s value before any damage and the value after repairs have been completed.

How does liability car insurance work?

Liability insurance is crucial for those who are liable and at fault for injuries and damage sustained by other people or if the insured party damages someone else’s property. In other words, liability insurance is also called third-party insurance. It does not cover intentional or criminal acts even if the insured party is legally responsible. Anyone who owns a business drives a car, practices medicine or law, or any person who can be sued for damages or injuries can take out the policy.

A liability insurance policy protects both the insured and third parties who may be injured due to the policyholder’s unintentional negligence. Most states require that vehicle owners have liability insurance under their automotive insurance policies to cover injury to other people and property in accidents. A product manufacturer may buy product liability insurance to cover them if a product is faulty and causes damage to the buyers or another third party.

Moreover, doctors’ and surgeons’ decisions also require liability insurance policies while on the job. Business owners may purchase liability insurance if an employee is injured during business operations.

Types of liability insurance

A claim can have devastating impacts on a business, including financial losses and reputational harm. Having liability insurance suited to your business needs is essential to protect your business against the threats of claims and lawsuits. There are many different types of liability coverage in the marketplace that you can choose from:

General liability

General liability usually only provides coverage for any non-professional negligent acts, meaning negligence that doesn’t relate to your rendering of professional or expert services. This protection covers legal costs to defend a claim related to one of the three areas mentioned below and payments for damages if you are found liable. General liability insurance generally protects your business against claims in three circumstances:

  1. Bodily injury or property damage deriving from your product or service.
  2. Medical payments for injuries supported by a non-employee on your premises.
  3. Personal and advertising injury protects you against libel, false arrest, slander, and copyright infringement.

Professional liability

Professional liability insurance protects those in professional services, including accountants, consultants, lawyers, and physicians, against claims initiated by their clients. Policies typically cover liability arising from errors and omissions, negligent acts, and misrepresentation. Professional Liability policies are generally registered on a “claims made” basis. You’re covered for claims made against you only while the policy is in effect unless your policy retains a retroactive date.

Employer’s liability

Workers’ Compensation insurance is commonly required by law and pays for medical expenses and lost wages stemming from work-related injuries and illnesses. However, it doesn’t cover cases, and that’s where employer’s liability insurance comes in. An employer’s liability policy can protect you by covering legal costs and compensation if an employee is sued for work-related illness or injury.

In addition, since some industries are exempt from workers’ compensation insurance, employer liability can provide coverage for claims brought against a business that is found to be negligent.

Wrap-up liability

Under a single policy, this coverage protects most workers on a construction project, including contractors, property owners, subcontractors, architects, developers, and engineers. Rather than a general contractor being forced to rely on each party’s general liability for coverage, the project owner can buy wrap-up liability insurance to cover all contractors who work on the project.

This reduces any potential coverage issues among all parties involved and keep’s a contractor’s general liability policy free from losses. Another advantage is that wrap-up policies can be easily tailored to the individual project.

Third-party liability

For companies with employees using commercial vehicles on public roadways, accidents can lead to fatalities, injuries, property damage, and expensive lawsuits. Third-party Auto Liability can protect your business from the financial costs associated with these events, including legal fees and damages awarded in a case. All vehicles are legally instructed to carry this coverage.

There is a solid case for investing in liability insurance for any business, as there is always the potential for a third party to be harmed through products and services. That means it’s not whether or not you require liability insurance but which types are suited to your business needs. Contact your broker to determine which coverage may help you protect your business.

Commercial general liability

Commercial general liability insurance is a broad insurance policy that provides liability insurance for general business risks. Commercial General Liability (CGL) is the characteristic name for a policy of this type in the United States insurance market. It is the first line of coverage that a business generally buys. It covers many common risks that can happen to any business, such as bodily injury or property damage on the business premises or due to the business operations, personal and advertising injury and medical payments.

As with other types of liability insurance, CGL insurance usually imposes on issuing insurers duties both on defending and indemnifying insureds with respect to covered claims. CGL insurance is typically categorized as an “all-risks” type of insurance, under which it provides coverage for risks unless expressly excluded.

Specific risks typically excluded from CGL coverage include professional services, pollution, liquor, automobile liability, directors and officers liability, and separate insurance policies to cover these situations. An expansive variety of other coverage exclusions, extensions, limitations, and other policy terms and conditions may be included by endorsements to a CGL policy.

What is comprehensive insurance?

Comprehensive insurance is automobile insurance designed to cover damage to your car from causes other than a collision. Comprehensive insurance offers coverage if your vehicle is destroyed by a tornado, dented by a run-in with a deer, spray-painted by a vandal, damaged by a break-in, or crushed by a collapsing garage, among other casualties. If you finance a vehicle purchase, you may be required to purchase comprehensive coverage and collision coverage.

If you are thinking of buying comprehensive coverage, it may not make sense financially if you drive an older vehicle that’s already lost a significant amount of value. In most states, the law requires drivers to have liability insurance, but collision and comprehensive insurance are optional if someone owns a vehicle outright. If a person has financed the car, the auto loan company might require comprehensive insurance. The damages a comprehensive insurance covers include:

  • Natural disasters, including earthquakes, hurricanes, floods
  • Contact with animals, such as hitting a dog
  • Fire burst out
  • Broken windshields
  • Fallen objects, including branches, rocks, or hail
  • Riots and vandalism
  • Vehicle theft, or theft of particular parts of the vehicle

Example of comprehensive insurance

Comprehensive insurance works comparable to any other type of auto insurance if you need to file a claim. But if you’ve never had to do so, it helps to have illumination, so you know what to expect. Below is an example of how comprehensive insurance works if a driver files a claim for vehicle damages:

Suppose someone drives a Honda Accord worth $10,000, with a $1,000 comprehensive deductible. If a tornado destroys the car, the driver will acquire $9,000 from the insurance company. If they don’t have comprehensive coverage and a tornado destroys the vehicle, the collision and liability shares of the policy won’t cover the damage. The driver will be responsible for the whole $10,000 loss.

A driver might have to get a loan to buy a replacement vehicle or settle for something less expensive if they don’t have $10,000 to spend on an equivalent replacement. Seeing an example of comprehensive insurance in action can offer some perspective on how useful it can be if your car is damaged. Knowing how much damages may cost you to repair out of pocket is worthwhile if you’re leaning more toward when to drop the comprehensive insurance side.

What does property insurance cover?

Property insurance is the type of policy that provides either property protection coverage or liability coverage for property owners. If damage or theft occurs, it offers financial reimbursement to the owner or renter of a structure and its contents. In addition, it covers a person other than the owner or renter if that person is injured on the property. It includes policies such as homeowners insurance, earthquake insurance, flood insurance, and renters insurance.

Personal property is usually covered by a homeowners or tenants policy. If there is a claim, the property insurance policy will either reimburse the policyholder for the actual value of the damage or the replacement cost to fix the problem. Property insurance refers to policies that offer either property protection or liability coverage. It covers perils that typically include select weather-related affiliations, including damage caused by fire, smoke, wind, hail, the impact of snow and ice, lightning, etc.

In addition, property insurance also provides protection liability coverage if someone other than the property owner is injured while on the property and decides to sue. It usually excludes damage that results from various events, including tsunamis, floods, drain and sewer backups, seeping groundwater, standing water, and many other water sources. Most policies do not cover extreme circumstances such as nuclear events, acts of war, or terrorism.

What does liability insurance not cover in an accident?

In the event of an accident, liability coverage typically doesn’t pay to repair damage to your own car after an accident. It doesn’t pay coverage to repair damage caused by other factors such as hail. Furthermore, Liability insurance does not cover intentional or criminal acts even if the insured party is legally responsible. Liability coverage pays for the medical costs of someone you injure. It doesn’t pay for your own injuries. In simple words, it only pays for the third-party damage.

General liability insurance doesn’t cover every type of claim. A general liability insurance policy doesn’t cover these circumstances:

  • General liability insurance doesn’t cover commercial auto accidents that you and your employees cause while driving for work.
  • It doesn’t cover damage to your own business property. If you want to protect your owned or rented building and equipment, you need commercial property insurance.
  • Liability insurance doesn’t cover claims that cost more than your liability limits. You need a commercial umbrella insurance policy for expensive lawsuits.
  • Illegal acts or any wrongdoing that you or your employees did purposefully are not covered in liability insurance.
  • It also does not cover the mistakes or errors in the professional services given to customers. In this case, professional liability insurance can protect your legal costs if a client sues you for a mistake in the services provided.

Liability insurance examples

  • If a product manufacturer sells a faulty product or causes damage to others’ products, he may be sued for the damages caused. Procuring liability insurance will protect the manufacturer from ensuing legal costs.
  • When someone gets hurt and wants you to pay for medical bills.
  • Someone says you damaged their property and have to pay for the claim.
  • In another case, if someone says you invaded their privacy, liability insurance can save you.
  • Someone accuses you of copyright infringement.

What are public liability and products liability insurance?

Product liability doesn’t tend to be provided as a standalone product. Public liability insurance and products liability insurance policies cover third-party claims for injury or damage to their property. However, each insurance will react to different circumstances.

Public liability insurance reacts in the circumstances concerning the delivery of your services, while products liability reacts in the cases in relation to products you have manufactured, supplied, or sold. For example, if you caused an injury to or damaged the property of a third party in the delivery of your services, such as accidentally leaving a wire on the floor, which causes somebody to stumble and fall. If that person took legal action against you, this could give rise to a public liability claim.

Suppose you sold a client a product that subsequently caused a third party bodily injury or damage to their property, whether from a manufacturing defect, design defect, or failure to provide adequate warnings. The third party took lawful action against you. In that case, this could give rise to a products liability claim.

Difference between public liability and product liability

Despite being offered as a combined policy or sometimes as an add-on, public liability and product liability insurance are pretty distinct. Check out the significant differences mentioned below:

  1. In public liability insurance, allegations of bodily injury or damage to property caused by you during the curse of your services trigger a claim. Whereas, in products liability insurance, allegations of bodily injury or damage to property caused by a product you supplied trigger a lawsuit.
  2. Public liability is suitable for any business, especially for those who visit client sites or provide some form of manual labor and are at higher risk of relevant claims. In contrast, product liability is suitable for businesses that manufacture or sell goods.
  3. Public liability insurance is not a legal requirement however is often stipulated in client contrasts, whereas product liability insurance policy is not compulsory by law.
  4. The public liability insurance works in the occurrence of an incident that gives rise to a claim occurring during the period of insurance. In contrast, product liability insurance operates in the event of an incident that gives rise to a claim arising during the period of insurance. This refers to the damage time as injury instead of when the product is sold.

Pros and cons of general liability insurance

It may lead to overlooking some crucial aspects of establishing a business. One of which is general liability insurance for the business. Various insurance institutes provide many business insurances. You would want to know its pros and cons to see how far it can take you.


  • Risks are always there, especially in business. If you have general liability insurance protection, you will lessen the possible threats that can be an obstacle to the company’s growth.
  • Mishaps and misfortune may always occur. Sometimes things get out of control, and the best we can do about it is to be prepared for the aftermath. Your business insurance will help you with any lawsuit filed against you. In some cases, the business will also be protected in times of fortunate events.
  • The flexibility of business insurance is its best feature. It can cater to all the business’ requirements. There is plenty of coverage to choose from. You have to research and find which one suits you best.


  • General liability insurance may not have enough protection to answer for a significant judgment or lawsuit against you. You need to have extra coverage to get higher protection than this insurance.
  • Often, business owners believe this insurance is another associated extra cost. It is the mindset that is hard to change because setting up a business is already pricey as it is. Well, let alone the number of employees you plan to have. It will also determine the insurance fee and coverage you need.
  • There are many factors to cover and consider when building your own business. You might find others unaffordable, especially in the first few years of running the company.


In the world of risks and uncertainties, it’s better to have yourself protected from any unexpected financial troubles. Liability insurance offers coverage to protect you or your business if someone files a lawsuit or reports a claim against your company. This coverage helps pay for the medical costs of someone you injure. Keep in mind that liability insurance does not cover intentional or criminal acts even if the insured party is legally responsible. In simple words, it only pays for the third-party damage. So purchasing liability insurance coverage is a never-regretting decision to be safe from expenses arising from any unintentional damage you caused.

Sandra Johnson

Sandra Johnson

Sandra Johnson was a few years out of school and took a job as a life insurance agent in California, selling coverage door-to-door for Prudential. The experience taught her about the technical components of insurance and its benefits for individuals and society, as well as the misunderstandings people often have about insurance. She has over ten years’ experience in the insurance industry, having worked as both a Broker and Underwriter, assisting clients across a broad range of industries. At Insurance Noon, Sarah diligently gathers all the required information and curates up pieces to provide meaningful insurance solutions. Her personal value proposition is to demonstrate a genuine interest in always adding value for clients.Her determined approach to guiding clients has turned her into a platinum adviser to multiple insurers.

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