Loans can be really helpful especially for students who are trying to manage their expenses on their own.
Table of Contents
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Student Loans and Types
- 3 1. Federal Student Loans
- 4 2. Private Student Loans
- 5 What Type Of Loans Make You Pay During School?
- 6 Which Type Of Loan Requires That You Pay The Interest Accumulated During College Year?
- 7 You Are Looking For Ways To Pay For Your Higher Education Costs, Which Should You Pick?
- 8 Advantages of Opting For A Federal Student Loan
- 9 How Do I Get A Federal Student Loan?
- 10 How Much Can I Borrow?
- 11 Conclusion
Students are usually in a sticky position when they are about to start school. The reason for this is because they have a lot on their plate and tend to have a hard time adjusting to the major changes. Along with these changes also comes the setback of having to spend a large amount of money on their school-related expenses. With tuition fees being the number one enemy, tons of other expenses come into play as well.
This is where student loans come into play. Because of confusion and puzzlement, people often tend to ask which loan type requires you to make loan payments while you’re attending school? The answer can be your solution to this mess. Private student loans require you to make payments while you’re attending school! But, before we jump headfirst into the dynamics of different types of student loans, it is first important to learn a little about them to be aware. Since you will be required to pay off these loans at one time, it is smart to be aware.
Down below, we will guide you on what to do if you are looking for ways to pay for your higher education costs and answer some basic questions like which type of loan requires that you pay the interest accumulated during college and whether the public or private university is affordable.
Student Loans and Types
When you are thinking of opting for financial aid, you have to keep in mind that all universities provide two options to their students. They can either opt for federal student loans or private student loans. Whichever type of loan, you decide to pick completely depends upon the types set out by your school, and your basic requirements.
What can affect whether a public or private university is affordable is the financial aid that they offer. This can change from one institute to another. As mentioned above, student loans are further divided into two types. Let’s look at it in a little detail down below.
1. Federal Student Loans
As the name suggests, federal student loans are funded by the US Department of Education. These loans are the William D Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program. When a person chooses to opt for a federal student loan, the most important thing to know is that the federal government will be their lender and not some private entity.
The federal student loans are further of 4 different types.
1. Direct Subsidized Loans
Direct Subsidized loans are for all those individuals who are undergraduates right now and are looking for financial assistance. The interest on the direct subsidy is paid completely by the US Department of Education and your school will be responsible for deciding how much amount is going to be given to you in the form of a loan.
2. Direct Unsubsidized Loans
Direct Unsubsidized loans are the ones that are for undergraduates and graduates. The one different aspect of these loans is that they are not based on financial needs. Also, the important thing to note here, which will also answer your question about which type of loan requires that you pay the interest accumulated during college is that direct subsidized loans require you to pay the interest accumulated during college duration.
3. Direct Plus Loans
Direct Plus loans have an even bigger target audience. These loans are eligible to parents of undergraduate students, professional students, and graduates. These are to be paid for educational expenses when they are not covered by any other aids. Financial need is not a criterion for this type of loan but the candidates will be required to go through a credit check, if their credit history is not up to the mark then they will be told to fulfill all the requirements.
4. Direct Consolidation Loans
Direct consolidation loans are the ones in which you have the option to combine all your other federal student loans into one loan with the help of a loan servicing company.
2. Private Student Loans
Private loans are given out by lenders and are non-federal loans. These loans are given out by banks, a state agency, school, or credit unions. Private student loans are the ones that are from private organizations and have no correlation or involvement of the government. The thing about private loans is that they tend to be more expensive than government or federal loans. There are some requirements set by the lenders and these requirements can differ from one lender to the other.
The interest rates for private loans differ. They can be fixed and they can be variable as well. Furthermore, the amount of these interest rates can also be more or less than federal loans but that completely depends on your situation. Make sure to check up with your lender and ensure that there are no prepayment penalty fees.
With the next question of subsidies rising, these are often not subsidized by any entities so you will be responsible for paying all the interest on the loan. You will need to have a good credit score or have someone as your cosigner to easily attain private student loans.
What Type Of Loans Make You Pay During School?
Private student loans make you pay during school. So in easier terms, you will be asked to constantly make payments to reduce your loan load while you are studying. In some very rare cases, they may allow you to defer your payments when you are in school. This means they will be giving you the chance to put off paying your payments until you graduate.
It is important to note that this deferment is only allowed in extremely rare cases and one should not opt for student loans if they won’t be able to pay it all back during the school year. Relying on the chance of deferment can land you in some serious financial trouble so watch out for that.
Private student loans are a perfect choice for all those students who work whilst they are studying. This way they can be assured of having a constant source of income which can be directed towards the payment of the loan.
Which Type Of Loan Requires That You Pay The Interest Accumulated During College Year?
Direct unsubsidized loans require that you pay the interest accumulated during the college year. We all know that students tend to be in quite a difficult situation when they are handling their expenses and their education costs all at the same time. This is why direct unsubsidized loans can be quite helpful as the students whon\t be forced to make their interest payments while they are studying.
This amount of interest on the student loan will be accumulated and will be payable by the student after they have finished school. There is also a specific period set which is for six months. So, once a student has graduated they will have six months to get themselves stabilized, and then the duration for the payment of the interest, etc will be payable.
You Are Looking For Ways To Pay For Your Higher Education Costs, Which Should You Pick?
As mentioned above, students tend to have a hard time covering their costs. They are either not financially backed by their guardians or they seem to be working side by side whilst completing their degree. If you are looking for ways to pay for your higher education costs then you should be able to understand the various types of loans that are available for you. After inspecting each type, it is also important to gauge which one works best for you in your budget restraints and your requirements.
Direct Unsubsidized Student Loans
While keeping an eye on the pros and cons of each type of loan, it is advised for individuals to opt for federal loans as they are more profitable and manageable in the long run. Going back to the types given, out of all four, direct unsubsidized student loans are the most beneficial. These loans are available for every student out there who wants to pursue higher education but doesn’t have the financial resources to go through with it. You should know that there is also no financial need associated with it.
The amount of interest rate that the borrower will have to pay will start to gather as soon as the loan is given. The good thing about this loan is that the interest rate will remain fixed and you will not be required to make any payments while you are in school, unlike private loans. A cushion period of 6 months is given to the students that they can start making their payments for the loan 6 months after graduation. These loans are better because there will be no questioning of what type of loans make you pay during school. After all, you will be allowed to pay once you are done studying.
The amount received from the loan can be used to pay any sort of expenses related to education such as tuition fees, housing rent, stationery, books, reading material, etc. the total loan amount given to any student is not fixed and can depend on the situation of the student and the number of years they are in school for.
It may seem like a subsidized student loan is a better option because the government pays the interest rate on those loans as well but the important point to keep in mind is that very few people can pass the eligibility criteria for a subsidized loan. There is also a need for financial assistance if you want a subsidized loan.
Unsubsidized direct loans, on the other hand, have no such specific criteria and you can opt for it even if you have a strong financial background. Moreover, these loans are extremely flexible and can help you a lot in the longer run. So, don’t fret if you do not get approved for subsidized loans, you can always opt for the unsubsidized direct loans because of their ease and convenience.
Advantages of Opting For A Federal Student Loan
Federal loans tend to be more beneficial than private loans because there are a lot of flexibilities and perks that come along with it. Down below, we have mentioned some of the advantages of opting for a federal loan instead of a private one.
- You will not be required to start repaying your loans while you are studying.
- In special cases, if you are unable to repay your loan, you will be given some sort of concession or the entire loan might be forgiven.
- Your credit score, even if it is low won’t matter at all when you are opting for a federal student loan.
- You will not be required to present a cosigner while obtaining this loan.
- The interest rates on federal loans are fixed and are much lower than private loans. These loans will eventually be cheaper to you as compared to private loans.
- For those who place a request with the government based on financial aid, the government will pay off some of the interest on the loan during the school year and some of it later on.
- You will not be required to go through a credit score check while going for a federal loan.
- The payment plans offered in federal loans are much more flexible.
How Do I Get A Federal Student Loan?
You are looking for ways to pay for your higher education costs then federal loans are your best solution. Obtaining a federal student loan is pretty easy. You will have to start by completing a free FAFSA form A FAFSA form is a Free Application for Federal Student Aid. This form is free for all as the name indicates and is easy and uncomplicated.
After your FAFSA form has been submitted, you will receive some notification from your college about the status of your aid. You will be offered a financial aid offer which is based on your results. This financial aid offer may include federal student loans too. You will be briefed by your school on how to attain a part of this loan or all of it.
To ensure that you understand the responsibility of paying off your loan, you will be required to go through entrance counseling. Next up, you will also be asked to sign the Master Promissory Note which consists of the terms and conditions of the loan.
How Much Can I Borrow?
The amount of loan that you can borrow each year depends on several factors, first of all, your school or college will decide which of the loans given above suit you best. Once that is decided, you will either have the option of subsidized or unsubsidized loans. It also depends on the stage of college you are at. If you are an undergraduate, you will be allowed to get a loan on subsidized or unsubsidized loans ranging from $5,000 to $12,500. This amount once again will depend on your year in school and the dependency status as well.
Next up, if you are a graduate, you will be allowed to take as much as $20,500 in the loan. This loan can only be in the form of direct unsubsidized loans as subsidized loans are only given out to undergraduates so you won’t be eligible for that. Furthermore, if that still doesn’t cover all your expenses then you can opt for direct plus loans decided by your school which does not come under the domain of financial aid.
Lastly, as mentioned above, direct plus loans can be availed by parents of those undergraduates who need loans. If you are looking for ways to pay for your higher education costs then this is a great option. These parents will be allowed to get a loan equal to however much the child’s college costs are remaining which shall be decided by the college or institution.
Student loans are a great way to stabilize expenses while also achieving higher education. There is also a huge variety of student loans available for people who need them. Take a look at the list above. Make sure that you get the answers to questions like which loan type requires you to make loan payments while you’re attending school, etc, and then make an informed decision.