4 Types Of Workers’ Compensation Benefits – What Are They? How Do They Work?

The purpose of workers' compensation benefits is to assist employees who sustain injuries at work. If you suffered injuries in a workplace accident, there are some workers’ compensation benefits that can rescue you financially. Read on to learn all about them.

Workplace accidents are a leading source of disability and death. Workers’ compensation was created to compensate employees for work-related injuries and diseases. It requires employers to bear the majority of the costs associated with work-related illnesses and accidents, regardless of guilt. Each state in the United States has its compensation scheme.

When a worker has a disability or is not given reasonable accommodations at work, the state typically determines income replacement at a reduced rate that is frequently based on a percentage of the employee’s average weekly compensation. Income benefits may be determined by the proportion of impairment brought on by the disease or injury or by a schedule based on a particular loss, such as the amputation of a limb.

In a world full of uncertainties, having the assurance that, should you be hurt at work, you won’t face financial difficulty might bring you comfort during trying times. This peace of mind is provided by workers’ compensation benefits, which are intended to pay for the medical care required to recover from a workplace injury. So read on to learn about how workers’ compensation works and who pays for workers’ compensation.

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What is workers’ compensation?

Workers compensation, sometimes known as “workers comp,” insurance offers financial aid and medical attention to employees who are hurt or fall ill due to their work. Employers are responsible for paying for this insurance; employees are not expected to contribute to the compensation cost. In accordance with the Workers’ Compensation Board’s instructions, the employer’s insurance provider pays weekly monetary benefits and medical care.

The claims are handled by a state institution called the Workers’ Compensation Board. If Board involvement is required, it will decide whether the insurer will pay for financial benefits and medical care, as well as the amounts that must be paid.

There is no single party found to be at fault in a workers’ compensation lawsuit. Both the claimant’s negligence and the employer’s culpability do not affect how much compensation a claimant receives. However, if an employee’s damage is exclusively the consequence of drug or alcohol drunkenness, malicious intent to harm oneself or others, or both, they forfeit their claim to workers’ compensation.

If you can work again but cannot earn the same salary as before due to your injury, you may be eligible for a benefit covering two-thirds of the shortfall. Before fully recovering, you may return to work on a light or alternate duty schedule.

What does workers’ compensation insurance cover?

In most cases, regardless of the employee’s prior physical or medical condition, workers’ compensation insurance provides wage-loss and medical benefits to compensate employees who are hurt, contract a disease, or have a condition that worsens as a result of employment.

It also does not take into account the employee’s fault. If you have an injury at work, your employer or its insurance provider is responsible for covering all reasonable and necessary medical costs associated with the accident.

Who requires workers’ compensation?

When recruiting your first employee, in most states, you must purchase workers’ compensation insurance. Having coverage in place as soon as feasible is not only imperative, but it’s also the law. Workers’ compensation insurance could be necessary, even if you run your firm as a one-person operation. For instance, based on the state you work in, you could require to obtain a contractor license.

Your health insurance won’t cover the costs if you don’t have workers’ compensation insurance, since a work-related illness or accident will result in you having to pay the associated medical expenses out of your pocket. States have different requirements for workers’ compensation insurance. In general, the following factors determine whether you need workers’ compensation:

  • The business industry
  • The number of workers
  • The business organization.

Some companies may be eligible for an exemption even though they only have the owners as employees. Even if you are exempt from the requirement or your state does not mandate workers’ compensation insurance, you could still desire this coverage.

An injured employee could sue your business if you don’t have workers’ compensation insurance. Additionally, work-related injuries are generally excluded from coverage by the majority of personal health insurance plans.

Suppose other businesses use your company as a contractor. In that case, they might demand that you carry workers’ compensation insurance so that you can’t sue them if you or your employees are wounded while working for them. If you engage subcontractors and they are wounded while working for you, workers’ compensation will also safeguard your company.

How does workers’ compensation work?

Workers’ compensation insurance can pay for medical expenses and a portion of lost wages if one of your employees gets hurt at work. It can also protect you from responsibility as an employer. But first, confirm that your insurance conforms to your jurisdiction’s workers’ compensation laws.

Keep in touch with your state’s workers’ compensation office and your insurance provider at every step to keep your claims on track. The following events occur during the mishap when an employee performs their duties at their workplace.

  • An eligible workplace injury occurs.
  • The workers look for medical attention.
  • The employer submits a claim after the employee discloses the injury
  • The insurance company looks at the claim
  • Workers’ compensation benefits are paid

1. An eligible workplace injury occurs

Employees with work injuries are typically eligible for workers’ compensation benefits. Injuries that occur at work but are not time-related, such as if a lifeguard decides to continue swimming after a shift, are not covered. Only some workplace accidents are covered. Many states have the following exceptions:

  • Accidents brought on by a worker’s drug or alcohol use.
  • Injuries brought on by reckless behavior, negligence, or a failure to employ a safety device.
  • Intentional harm is done to oneself.

Occupational diseases, which are illnesses brought on by extended exposure to hazardous materials or other industrial situations, can also be treated medically under workers’ compensation.

2. The worker looks for medical attention

When necessary, the worker ought to get medical attention. In order to avoid sending the bill to the employer or the workers’ compensation insurance company if the accident was work-related, the majority of healthcare practitioners will question the patient if the incident was related to their employment. The patient can incur out-of-pocket expenses and then receive reimbursement.

Direct documentation submission to the workers’ compensation insurance company is possible from healthcare facilities. However, it’s advisable for the employee to also save copies of their medical records.

3. The employer submits a claim after the employee discloses the injury

The workers’ compensation claims procedure begins when an employee reports a workplace injury. The majority of businesses request that workers report accidents as soon as feasible.

Employees who wait too long to report the accident risk losing out on workers’ compensation payments.

For instance, in California, if a worker waits more than 30 days to report an accident and the delay prevents you from looking into the injury, the worker may no longer be eligible for workers’ compensation payments. The business must give an injured employee a claims form when they disclose their injury. Information requested on this form includes the date, location, and part of the body that was injured.

4. The insurance company looks at the claim

Upon receipt of a claim, the insurance provider will look into it before deciding its acceptance or denial. During this procedure, the employer and employee may be interviewed, and any pertinent documents may also be reviewed.

Employees should seek an appeal with their state’s workers’ compensation agency if a claim has been refused and they want to contest the decision. An agency official or a court will review the matter.

5. Workers’ compensation benefits are paid

The injured worker might start collecting money to cover medical costs and missed wages as soon as the claim is granted. Workers’ compensation insurance may provide benefits for the following reasons:

  • The medical expenses of the wounded worker. The workers’ compensation insurance company will pay the medical provider’s expenses if they are sent straight to them.
  • Disability compensation. The employee receives a direct payment that partially makes up for any missing wages.
  • An advantage of rehabilitation. Over time, this aids in the healing of injured workers.
  • Benefits of death. Workers’ compensation will pay for funeral costs and provide a recurring payment to the worker’s family if they pass away while on the job.

In most states, workers’ compensation pays, up to a maximum and minimum monetary amount, around two-thirds of an injured worker’s weekly salary. While some jurisdictions cap the overall amount, this benefit often lasts the entirety of the disability.

Workers’ compensation will pay a portion of the difference between the wage earned while recovering and the wage they would have earned if the injury hadn’t occurred if a worker is only partially incapacitated.

How can one make a claim for workers’ compensation?

When submitting workers’ compensation claims, employers must follow a few steps. When an injured worker reports an event, completes the necessary paperwork, and seeks medical attention, the process gets started.

Workers’ compensation insurance, also known as workers’ comp, is a crucial insurance to have because it can aid in the recovery of your employees who have suffered illnesses or injuries at work. It’s critical to file a workers’ compensation claim with your insurer as soon as possible if one of your employees claims they became ill or injured at work.

1.   Give a workers’ compensation claim form to your employee

Make sure they receive the proper medical attention if you learn someone was injured or became ill due to their employment. In order for your employee to apply for workers’ compensation benefits, you should also provide them with a claim form to fill out. Your employee is unable to receive workers’ compensation benefits that can speed up their recovery and enable them to resume work without a correctly filled out form.

2.   Submit official claim documents

You must deliver the completed form to your insurance provider after your employee provides it. This informs your insurance company that a new claim is prepared for processing. Make sure you know the state-specific filing requirements for workers’ compensation. A deadline for submitting a workers’ compensation claim exists in every state. For instance, New York law mandates that employers submit a claim within ten days of an incident.

3.   When your employee returns to the workplace, make accommodations

You might need to make adjustments to help your employee perform their job when they return to work, depending on the illness or injury. In some circumstances, you might need to train them to take on a new task.

Your employee may contest their workers’ compensation benefits or submit an appeal even if your insurance carrier decides to reject the claim. To prepare yourself, research the claims procedure in your state for cases involving workers’ compensation.

What counts as a workers’ compensation claim?

Workers’ compensation benefits are put together to benefit the employees working hard to make ends meet at a time when they aren’t able to work. Workers’ compensation payouts are available for the majority of workplace injuries. Several instances could be:

  • Illness brought on by working with dangerous materials
  • Falling and breaking bones on slick office floors
  • Damage brought on by repeated stress, such as carpal tunnel syndrome.

Your employee may occasionally require immediate medical attention. Your insurance provider might stipulate that the employee must seek medical attention from an in-network practitioner in order to be eligible for workers’ compensation benefits for non-emergencies.

What occurs after filing a workers’ compensation claim?

Insurance companies heavily rely on your claim history when determining your workers’ compensation premiums. When you make a claim, your workers’ compensation insurance price can go up. A previous claim won’t be removed from your history by switching insurers. To obtain the best workers’ compensation insurance for your company, however, you may want to shop about and receive quotations from other insurance providers.

Maintaining a safe workplace and preventing injuries is the most excellent strategy to reduce workers’ compensation expenditures. To assist with this, your insurer might provide resources for risk management.

Types of workers’ compensation benefits

To provide benefits for workers in the case of an injury at work, employers obtain workers’ compensation insurance. States may have different laws regarding workers’ compensation, but most give employees four different sorts of benefits. What exactly your plan covers and how you can get a financial recovery can be explained by your company and local personal injury attorneys.

It’s critical to comprehend the various potential benefits that may be accessible if you or a loved one suffers an injury at work. The four primary types of workers’ compensation benefits are as follows.

  • Medical treatment
  • Disability benefits
  • Rehabilitation benefits for job support
  • Death benefits for dependents

Medical treatment

Medical benefits offered through workers’ compensation include hospitalization costs for diagnosing and treating your injury. However, there are precise treatment requirements that your doctors must strictly adhere to for your medical care to be fully covered. You should be compensated for your medical expenses if you are injured at work and file a workers’ compensation claim. These benefits include:

  • Doctor visits
  • Hospital stays
  • Medical tests
  • Prescription medications
  • Medical equipment, such as wheelchairs or crutches
  • Physical therapy
  • Compensation for mileage when going to and from medical appointments

Your work-related injuries should qualify for workers’ compensation coverage for any expenses that arise from them. Until you are able to resume work after a full recovery, you should be covered. But in order to be eligible for reimbursement, you must visit the appropriate doctor.

Selecting a healthcare provider from the network

Your employer must give you a list of “at least six physicians or professional associations or corporations of physicians” to pick from to provide you with medical treatment under Georgia Code 34-9-201. Employers or insurance companies often have contracts with doctors or other service providers in this network to provide reduced-cost services.

Additionally, you must have reasonable access to these services. As long as your employer’s insurance still covers your doctor, you also have the choice to switch doctors once. It’s crucial to visit a physician approved by your business’s workers’ compensation policy. If not, you risk losing out on part or all of your eligible medical coverage.

Disability benefits

If your workplace injury interferes with your work capacity, you can qualify for disability benefits under the workers’ compensation system. Usually, these advantages fall under one of four groups:

  • Temporary total disability
  • Temporary partial disability
  • Permanent total disability
  • Permanent partial disability

Temporary total disability

Many hurt workers are eligible for temporary complete disability benefits for a set amount of time. In order to be eligible for temporary total disability benefits in Georgia, you must be out of the workforce for a minimum of seven days. You will also get compensated for the first seven days of your absence if you take at least twenty-one days off in a row.

Benefits for temporary total disability are equal to two-thirds of your average weekly income prior to your employment injury, up to a maximum of $675 per week. Additionally, unless you have a severe injury, you cannot get these benefits for more than 400 weeks.

Temporary partial disability

After a work-related injury, you may occasionally still be able to work, but with fewer hours. Due to your work-related injuries, you might be required to work fewer hours, accept a less demanding role, or earn less money. In such a case, you may be eligible for payments for temporary partial disability.

Temporary partial disability benefits are paid at a rate of two-thirds of the difference between your prior average weekly wage and your potential new weekly wage. $450 a week is the upper limit for this amount. A maximum of 350 weeks from the date of your injury may also be covered by it.

Permanent total disability

You should receive care under workers’ compensation up until your maximum medical improvement (MMI). The physician who is currently treating you will then assess your circumstances. You’ll probably get total and permanent disability benefits if they decide you’re permanently disabled.

Benefits for permanent total disability are frequently awarded for life at the same rate per week as benefits for temporary total disability. You might be able to receive a lump sum settlement in some circumstances to cover your future payments. Permanent total disability is only applicable to exceptionally significant and severe accidents, such as the loss of both limbs or complete eyesight.

Permanent partial disability

You are eligible for some type of disability payment under workers’ compensation, whether your handicap is temporary or permanent, partial or total. Your compensation is based on how much you were making before your injury. For a specific period of time, permanent partial disability benefits are provided at the same rate as temporary complete disability benefits. You will receive these perks for the duration of

  • The handicapped area of the body
  • The percentage of that body part’s incapacity
  • The maximum number of weeks that body part can receive benefits in the state where you live.

Rehabilitation benefits for job support

If you were hurt at work, rehabilitation benefits would cover the cost of the physical therapy you’ll need to get back to work. You will also be reimbursed for any instruction or counseling required to restore the relevant skills and abilities. Tuition, books, and financial planning may all be covered expenses.

You may never be able to work again at your previous place of employment due to an illness or injury. In this case, your retraining expenditures and other costs associated with assisting you in becoming qualified for different employment are covered by your rehabilitation benefits.

Death benefits for dependents

The surviving dependents (such as a spouse, child, or sibling) of an employee who passed away due to a job injury are paid for the loss of financial support. If the deceased worker’s parents were financially reliant on them, they might also be eligible for death payments. The death benefits reimburse funeral and burial costs, albeit this is not their primary function.

The benefit of receiving workers’ compensation benefits is that you do not need to establish liability or file a lawsuit in order to receive compensation. This is done to shield both your employer and yourself from costly legal battles. However, workers’ compensation is not without flaws. You can experience problems with your job or your insurance provider.

Are pain and suffering included in workers’ compensation benefits?

Awards for pain and suffering are not among workers’ compensation’s four categories of benefits. You must bring a civil lawsuit against a third party in order to demand these damages. You cannot bring a lawsuit against your employer, but you might be allowed to do so if the negligent actions of a property owner, an equipment maker, or another contractor resulted in your injuries.

What is excluded from workers’ compensation benefits coverage?

Most accidents that happen during the course and scope of employment or with express consent from the employer outside of the workplace are covered by workers’ compensation insurance. In the end, each workplace occurrence involving employee injury must be evaluated individually. There are circumstances, though, in which claims from hurt employees would not be paid. Some examples of these include

  • Driving to/from work: If an employee is hurt while commuting to or from work, this is not considered an injury arising out of their employment and would not be covered unless the employee obtains authorization.
  • Intoxication/intentional act: In most cases, if an employee sustains injuries directly from being drunk and under the influence of an illicit substance, the damage is not covered.
  • Horseplay: In general, horseplay at work does not advance the business, so any injuries that come from it would not be covered. However, there is an exemption to that rule in cases where an employee is hurt but wasn’t directly participating in the prank.
  • Intentional acts: A worker is not covered by a workers’ compensation insurance coverage if they deliberately cause workplace injuries or illnesses.
  • Illegal activities: A company’s workers’ compensation insurance policy does not provide coverage for employee injuries brought on by illegal acts at the workplace.
  • Policy violations: Employees hurt while disobeying corporate regulations, processes, or protocols are not covered by workers’ compensation.
  • Employees who have been fired: Unless the injury occurred prior to the employment termination, employees who have been laid off or fired from a job are no longer protected by workers’ compensation insurance.

What is the cost of workers’ compensation insurance?

According to the National Academy of Social Insurance, in 2018, workers’ compensation premiums varied from 70 cents to $2.25 per month per $100 of payroll. However, a number of variables, such as the nature of the work your employees do, the location of your firm, the number of employees, and the history of claims, affect the cost of workers’ compensation.

Employers who buy workers’ compensation insurance plans pay monthly or yearly rates, just like other forms of company insurance. Most big insurance companies offer workers’ compensation insurance; however, in some places, you have to get it through the state rather than a private company.

Who covers workers’ compensation benefits costs?

Although employees receive workers’ compensation insurance benefits, they are not compelled to cover the cost. For workers’ compensation insurance coverage, the employer pays the insurance provider.

The workers’ compensation claims procedure might take a lot of work. State-to-state variations exist. However, in most cases, if one of your employees becomes ill or injured as a result of their work, they are required to notify you. An injury must be reported to you by an employee within a particular length of time. You won’t be able to submit a workers’ compensation claim if they wait too long. They can be deprived of their benefits as a result.

You can submit a workers’ compensation claim as soon as your employee informs you of their illness or injury. The claim must be processed through the Workers’ Compensation Board or an equivalent organization in your state. The board or organization instructs an insurance provider to give the employee benefits and payments.

You must also report the occurrence to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration as the employer. You might need to report the event within eight to 24 hours, depending on the seriousness of the case.

Who is not covered by workers’ compensation?

In general, only salaried employees, not contractors or freelancers, are eligible for workers’ compensation. Aside from that, each state has its own rules. Arkansas, for example, expressly prohibits farm laborers and real estate agents from eligibility. Idaho does not employ domestic workers. Musicians and crop-dusting plane crews are not permitted in Louisiana.

Why are workers’ compensation benefits applications rejected?

Your claims may be rejected or underpaid for a variety of reasons. If there were no other witnesses to the accident, your employer could try to claim that it was not work-related. Your employer can make an effort to argue that a past medical condition brought on your injuries.

Another explanation for rejection could be timing. If you did not file your claims immediately following your injury, waited until you quit, or were fired from your employment to file them, your claims might be denied.

What factors impact the price of workers’ compensation benefits?

“Classes” comprise similar companies from each state with comparable occupational injury costs and trends. Based on the loss costs for all enterprises in that class during the previous five years, rates are calculated for each category. An equitable system is created with tariffs set in line with the actual losses incurred by the type of business. Economic factors specific to each state are superimposed on this data to establish the rate for each class in a given state.

The class rates can be altered based on the history of losses for each individual business using a method called “experience rating.” As safe firms are rewarded with lower premiums and hazardous businesses are punished with higher rates, this system gives business owners a great level of influence over the price of their workers’ compensation insurance.

When do workers’ compensation benefits end?

The worker, injury, and circumstance all play a role in when workers’ compensation benefits end. It could be based on the benefits you’re receiving and the laws in your state, or it could be when the worker’s doctor says they can return to work. Survivor death benefits may continue for a predetermined period of time or for as long as the spouse is still reliant on them and doesn’t remarry. To find out the laws in your state, inquire about them.


You probably have understood most of the things about workers’ compensation benefits after reading this article. Workers’ compensation insurance provides therapeutic, rehabilitation, and disability payments to employees who are injured as a direct result of their work. Furthermore, workers’ compensation may give death benefits to an employee’s heirs if the specialist is killed in the course of a business-related incident. Most states require employers to have workers’ compensation insurance.

However, the requirements for workers’ compensation benefits vary from state to state. When a workers’ compensation claim is documented, it must be acknowledged by the injured or killed employee. Furthermore, employees can obtain workers’ compensation insurance regardless of who is to fault for the injuries or illness.

Charles Bains

Charles Bains

Charles Bains started his insurance career as a marketing intern before pounding the pavement as a commercial lines agent in Orlando, FL. As an industry journalist, his articles have appeared in a variety of trade publications. His insurance television career, short-lived but glorious, once saw him serve as the expert adviser on an insurance-themed infomercial (yes, you read that correctly). Having recently worked for various organizations, coupled with his broader insurance knowledge, Charles is able to understand our client’s needs and guide them accordingly. He is a gem for Insurance Noon as his wide area of expertise and experience have been beneficial in conducting further researches to come up with solutions and writing them in a manner which is easy for everyone including beginners to comprehend.

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